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Charlotte Forbes, Making a Position Inexpendable, Management Review, January 1987, pp. 31-33.

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1. Chester Barnard, Functions of the Executive (Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1938), p. 71.

2. Henry Mintzberg, The Nature of Managerial Work (New York: Harper & Row, 1973), p. 31. Robert H. Guest, Of Time and the Foreman, Personnel, vol. 32 (1955-1956), pp. 478-486.

3. Mintzberg, op. cit., p. 54.

4. Talcott Parsons, Structure and Process in Modem Society (New York: The Free Press, 1960).

5. Guest, op. cit.

6. Ibid.

7. L. V. Blankenship and R. V. Miles, Organizational Structure and Managerial Decision Making, Administrative Science Quarterly, vol. 13 (1968), pp. 106-170.

8. E. E. Lawler III, L W. Porter, and A. Tannenbaum, Managers 'Attitudes Toward Interpersonal Episodes, Journal of Applied Psychology, vol. 52 (1968), pp. 432-349.

9. Rosemary Stewart, Managers and Their Jobs (New York: Macmillan, 1961).

10. Mintzberg, op. cit., p. 30.

11. John Naisbitt, Megatrends (New York: Warner Books, 1984), p. 160.

12. Eleanor D. Schwartz, Entrepreneurship: A. New Female Frontier, Journal of Contemporary Business, Winter 1976, pp. 47-76.

13. O. Collins and D. Moore, The Enterprising Man (Michigan State University: Bureau of Business and Economic Research, 1964), pp. 239-240.

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