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 Study the essential vocabulary and translate the ilustrative examples into Russian. |  Make up and practise short dialogues or stories using the essential vocabulary. |  TOPICAL VOCABULARY |  The Difficult Child |  The Bell Family Charter |  A) Write a letter in response stating your agreement or disagreement. |  By P. G.Aldrich |  ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY |  READING COMPREHENSION EXERCISES |  Answer the following questions and do the given assignment. |

Study the essential vocabulary and translate the illustrative examples into Russian.

  1.  A few examples.
  2.  A) Draw a family tree for yourself and using the topical vocabulary explain the relationship between your immediate ancestors and any interesting facts about them.
  3.  A) translate the illustrative examples into Russian;
  4.  A. Insert the correct preposition. Compare it with the one we use in Russian.
  5.  A. Text Study
  6.  A. Text Study
  7.  A. Text Study

2. Translate the following sentences into Russian:

1. How a few words can bring it all back! 2. Clocks and watches should be brought forward one hour from midnight tonight. 3. In his speech he tried to bring out all the salient features of the author's career. 4. Nothing that she could have done, nothing that she had done, brought home to him like this the inner significance of her act. 5. The punishment cell was a dark, damp, filthy hole under ground. Instead of bringing Arthur "to reason" it thoroughly exasperated him. 6. Nick played so well at the concert that he brought the house down. 7. That scolding should bring him to his senses. 8. Mr. Brown,

who is on the editorial board, announced that the case would be brought before the committee the next Tuesday. 9. Clyde's work at the hotel brought him into contact with different people. 10. Soames had never seen such an expression on Irene's face. And since it is always the unusual which alarms, Soames was alarmed. 11. Luckily a passer-by heard the burglar-alarm ringing in the jewellery store. 12. The world's forests are shrinking at an alarming rate. 13. She set the alarm to go off at five. 14. She must be very nervous, she fusses about all the time. 15.1 bet it was Bassington who went to that doctor and made all that fuss about having cancer. 16. "I really do not see what you're making such a fuss about," said Larry coldly. 17. Why fuss so much about this trip? The things are already packed, the accounts paid. 18. She does not see her grandchildren very often so she tends to make a real fuss of them when she does. 19. George Smith had put on weight and got heavier in his movements, began to go grey and lose his temper now and then. 20. The want of sympathy on the part of the world made George sell his banjo at a great loss. 21. Tom seemed lost in thought. 22. There are losses that can not be made up for. 23. They lost no time in telling me I was wrong. 24. No great loss without a small gain (proverb). 25. He is a TV addict. 26. Susan was afraid of becoming addicted to tranquillizers. 27. Drug addiction is a plague of the 20th century. 28. The problem with video games is that they are addictive. 29. We do not know the extent of his involvement in the affair. 30. Fagin and his friends involved Oliver in a robbery. 31. He had been taught that modern physics involved the manipulation of minute quantities of matter. 32. The accident involved two cars and a lorry. 33. She did not feel like getting involved in a long argument on the phone so she hung up. 34. Travel tends to sophisticate a person. 35. Some pieces of modern music can be appreciated only by a very sophisticated audience. 36. She was a country girl, shy and unsophisticated, so different from her rich cousin in New York. 37. The experiment involved sophisticated technologies. 38. Soames 'most valued possession -r- his daughter - was of medium height and colour, with short, dark-chestnut hair. 39. A thing not being valuable or having no commercial value can not be costly; nevertheless it may be precious to us on account of the giver. 40. You should have learned to value other people's time. 41.1 will say it to John, his services to us are invaluable. 42. The value of life lies not in

the length of days, but in the use we make of them; a man may live long, yet get little from life (M. Montaigne). 43. Though he prided himself on trusting no one, he always accepted at face value any friendly gesture that was offered to him. 44. While the New Yorker can appreciate the beauties of nature where he can forget the urgent problems of the day, he seems to be unaffected by the joys of country life. 45. The expeditionNvas in urgent need of supplies. 46. ??Everything urgent had been dealt with by her efficient secretary. 47. Old Jolyon could hardly resist June's urgent requests. 48. "Well, a good novel is real, far more significant than most of the highbrow stuff - so-called", he said, taking a little time to answer. 49. "He knows his stuff ', said Monsier Poirot with evident approval. 50. My father was a stuffy man. He always wore dark suits and ugly ties, and was for ever pursing his lips and wrinkling up his forehead before he said anything . 51. He stuffed his ears with cotton wool not to be distracted by the noise.

3. Give the English equivalents for:

викликати гарячі суперечки; домогтися змін; викликати спогади про; знизити податки; збити температуру; висунути заперечення; виносити вердикт; підкреслювати (виділяти) деталі видати книгу; бути добре (погано) вихованим;

стривожений погляд; стурбована мати; сполохана птиця; тривожна ніч; тривожні ознаки; підняти тривогу;

хвилюватися через дрібниці; метушитися по дому; носитися з ким-л. (Чомусь л.); вибагливий хворий; бути розбірливим (вибагливим) в їжі; метушливий чоловік;

втратити ключ від квартири, валізи; програти бій, гру; заблукати, втратити когось л. з уваги; розгубитися; не дійти до кого-л. (Про натяк, словах, гуморі), втратити рівновагу; глибоко задуматися; вийти з себе, розсердитися; нести втрати; втрата крові;

наркоман; призвичаїтися до чогось л .; схильність; згубна звичка;

тягти за собою витрати; втягнути кого-л. в неприємності; бути втягнутим у що-л .; зачіпати чиїсь л. права; ввести кого-л. в великі витрати;

вишуканий, витончений смак; витончений аргумент; світська дама; досвідчена публіка; ускладнена технологія;

цінна річ; цінна ініціатива; цінні відомості; неоціненна допомога; становити велику цінність; моральні цінності; оцінити що-л. в ...;

крайня необхідність; терміновий ремонт; терміновий виклик; невідкладна справа; нагальна проблема; наполегливе прохання;

солодощі; зелень; фарширована риба; напихати дитини; запихати речі в чемодан; пхати що-л. в кишеню.

4. Paraphrase the following sentences using the essential vocabulary:

1. I could never understand what caused their quarrel. 2. Very often an emergency reveals a person's main qualities. 3. The noise of the gun scared hundreds of birds. 4. She is very difficult to please, always complaining or worrying when she is ill. 5 My hints failed to impress Sally. 6. He can not tear himself away from TV. 7. He was drawn into a smuggling ring. 8. Camping trips require / call for hard work. 9. She is a woman of worldly knowledge and refinement. 10. These are really very elaborate and complicated instruments. 11. Your opinion is of great importance to me. 12. This apparatus is to be used only in case of emergencies that demand quick action. 13. "SOS" is a message requiring immediate action. 14. Do not pack the girl's head with fancies.

5. Answer the following questions. Use the essential vocabulary:

1. What will a mother feel if her child is late in returning? 2. What do you say when a room wants ventilating? 3. What kind of news will cause fear or anxiety? 4. What would you say of a woman of worldly knowledge and refinement? 5. What would you say of grandparents when they try to please their grandchildren in every way? 6. What would you call a person who Is in the habit of constantly watching TV? 7. What would you advise a person who is very particular about all kinds of little things? 8. What would you call a present that may not be expensive but is very dear to you?

6. Fill in the blanks with prepositions or adverbs:

1. Seeing you brought ... many memories. 2. The new dress brought ... her hidden beauty. 3. How can we bring ... to him the seriousness of his mistake? 4. The cool air outside soon brought her .... 5. He has just brought ... a new book. 6. All children should be brought ... to respect their parents. 7. The proposal brought ... seemed a foolish one. 8. You must bring ... ... John that it is a matter of great urgency. 9. His remark brought ... a lot of misunderstanding. 10. I did enjoy his lecture. And I think that a slightly sceptical audience brings ...

the best in him. 11. They gave him an injection but it did not bring him .... 12. She wants to bring ... all the old customs.

7. Choose the right word:

a) fear, alarm, dismay, panic

1. Robinson Crusoe was seized with ... when he saw the footprint on the sand. 2. There is always a danger of ... when a theatre catches fire. 3. The thought that she might fail the examination filled her with .... 4. He lived in constant ... of his neighbours.

b) value (valuable, invaluable), price (priceless), worth

1. Some works of art have no ... for they are unique and, therefore, .... 2. The ... of a good education can not be measured in money. In Great Britain public education is free. It costs nothing. The ... of books may seem high, but their ... to a student who is educating himself may be great.

8. Review the essential vocabulary and translate the following sentences into English:

1. У наш час засоби масової інформації щодня піднімають питання, які потребують невідкладного вирішення. 2. Білий капелюх з широкими полями оттеняла (підкреслювала) красу її великих темно-синіх очей. 3. Те, що подібну подорож вводило сім'ю в великі витрати, викликало гарячу суперечку. 4. Деякі політики в Англії виступають за те, щоб повернути смертну кару 5. Думки Джейн ставали все тривожніше, вона прискорила крок. 6. У нього було якесь тривожне передчуття, від якого він не міг позбутися, як не старався. 7. Багато батьків стурбовані тим, що діти просто не можуть відірватися від телевізора. 8. Стільки було суєти в зв'язку з моїм приїздом, що я відчувала себе просто ніяково. 9. Будь ласка, не піднімай шуму, це просто подряпина. 10. Хвора дитина часто вередує, йому все не так, але батьки не повинні втрачати терпіння. 11. Я в скруті пояснити його відсутність. 12. Він кілька разів натякав на свою крайню потребу в грошах, але його натяки не дійшли до редактора. 13 Алкогольна залежність - це трагедія для родини. 14. Багато, почавши дивитися мильні опери, просто не можуть відірватися від них. 15. Наркомани втрачають голову, намагаючись дістати наркотики. 16. У скандалі були замішані відомі політики, і це викликало урядову кризу. 17. На вашому місці директора школи я б більше приваблювала батьків до вирішення будь-яких проблем. 18. По-моєму, деякі телевізійні програм-

ми створюються для досвідченої (підготовленої) аудиторії. 19. Всі визнавали, що місіс Ерлінг мала витончений смак. 20. Ви надали мені неоціненну послугу. 21. Я ціную вашу думку більше ніж чиєсь інше. 22. Цінність деяких речей не може бути виміряна грошима. 23. Невідкладний виклик змусив лікаря відправитися до хворого в таку ніч. 24. Вона попросила не турбувати її, якщо не було нагальної потреби. 25 У мене голова забита всякими тривожними думками. 26. Індичка, зазвичай фарширована, - обов'язкова страва в американській сім'ї в День Подяки.

9. a) Give the Russian equivalents for the following English proverbs:

Lost time is never found again.

Grasp all, lose all.

 



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