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What are economic, social and cultural rights | Ex. 2. Cut out each statement and glue under Right or Responsibility. Explain why your group decided it was a either | Ex.4. Translate the highlighted word correctly. | Probability of occurence | Ex.4.Listening | Ex.5.Listening | Greek schools of mathematics. | Ex.3. Translate the highlighted word correctly. | Ex.3. Translate the highlighted word correctly. | Analysis incarnate-Leonard Euler. |

Mechanical engineering as a future profession.

  1. A) Read what the students, who have chosen agriculture as their career, say about their future professions.
  2. Bioengineering
  3. C) Future Perfect
  4. C) Future Simple
  5. C) Future Simple - shall be, will be
  6. Complete these predictions about the world in 2020 by putting the verbs in brackets either in the Future Perfect or the Future Continuous.
  7. D) Future forms (going to, to be doing, will, will be doing, will have done)

Engineering as said in the English-English dictionary is 1. The practical application of scientific knowledge in the design, building and control of machines, roads, bridges, electrical apparatus, chemicals; 2. The work, science or profession of an engineer. The primary types of engineering are chemical, civil, electrical, industrial, and mechanical.We will study thoroughly mechanical engineering. Mechanical engineering is the application of physical principles to the creation of useful devices, objects and machines.Mechanical engineers use principles such as heat, force, and the conservation of mass and energy to analyze static and dynamic physical systems, in contributing to the design of things such as automobiles, aircraft, and other vehicles, heating and cooling systems, household appliances, industrial equipment and machinery, weapons systems, etc. Fundamental subjects of mechanical engineering include: dynamics, statics, strength of materials, hydraulics, kinematics, and applied thermodynamics. Mechanical engineers should understand and be able to apply concepts from the chemistry and electrical engineering fields.Engineers in this field design, test, build, and operate machinery of all types; theyalso work on a variety of manufactured goods and certain kinds of structures. The field isdivided into machinery, mechanisms, materials, hydraulics, and pneumatics; and heat asapplied to engines, work and energy, heating, ventilating, and air conditioning. The mechanicalengineer, therefore, must be trained in mechanics, hydraulics, and thermodynamicsand must know such subjects as metallurgy and machine design. Some mechanicalengineers specialize in particular types of machines such as pumps or steam turbines.A mechanical engineer designs not only the machines that make products but the productthemselves, and must design for both economy and efficiency. A typical example of modern mechanical engineering is the design of a car or an agricultural machine.One of the subtypes of mechanical engineering is automotive engineering.The automobile was invented in the late 1800's and did not come prominence untilthe early 20t h century. Its basic configuration was determined and mass-production methodswere established.It becomes available to a society. The automobile vastly expanded most people'smobility horizons. It enabled profound changes in most aspects of modern life. Newroads were built to support the automobile. But as there are many advantages so disadvantagesof the car invention also exist. It includes air pollution and car accidents. But allthis fostered new engineering solutions to improve the quality of the human condition.

Ex.1. Master the key terms and words:

engineering инженерное дело, конструирование, машиностроение

mechanical engineer инженер-механик, машиностроитель, инженер по механическому оборудованию

automotive engineering автостроение, автомобильная техника

engineering solutions техническое, инженерное решение

an automobile легковой автомобиль, машина

a vehicle автотранспортное средство, любое средство передвижения

machinery механическое, машинное оборудование

dynamics динамика, динамические характеристики

statics статика, электростатические явления

hydraulics гидравлика, гидравлическая система

strength of materials сопротивление материалов

kinematics кинематика, кинематическая схема

applied thermodynamics прикладная термодинамика

mechanism механизм, механическое воздействие

efficiency эффективность, уровень качества



The basic and new concepts. | Unit 12
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