1. Having a little red button not far from his desk must give a President an enormous .... 2. Without a ... you'll never be able to hit a ball correctly. 3. Some people say that a ... is the only thing that makes difficult situations bearable. 4. He went ahead and arrested his uncle through a .... 5. One of the major tasks of parents is to give their children a .... 6. His inborn ... let him to the slopes of the Himalayas. 7. At high altitudes one is apt to lose one's .... 8. His ... is so strong, he protests to umpires on behalf of his opponent. 9. Personally, I do not call putting a dead fish in friends 'beds a sign of a healthy ....
Exercise 10. Match the people 1-15 with the correct definitions a-o. Write your answers in the boxes below.
|1.||an adjudicator||a.||receives money or property from a will.|
|2.||an anarchist||b.||behaves in a way that many people might find shocking or disgusting.|
|3.||an arbitrator||c.||is very proud of his or her country and believes it to be better than other countries.|
|4.||a beneficiary||d.||judges a competition.|
|5.||a bystander||e.||dishonestly pretends to be someone else in order to get something he or she wants.|
|6.||a conscript||f.||is called in to settle a dispute between two people or groups, usually at their request.|
|7.||a crank||g.||prefers to spend time alone rather than in the company of other people.|
|8.||a cynic||h.||is made to serve in the armed forces of a country whether he or she wishes to or not.|
|9.||a degenerate||i.||tries to get food and money without working for them.|
|10.||an expatriate||j.||has peculiar ideas and behaves in a strange way.|
|11.||an imposter||k.||believes that all forms of government are oppressive and should be destroyed.|
|12.||a juvenile||l.||is present when something happens and sees it, but does not take part in it.|
|13.||a loner||m.||thinks people tend to act only in their own interests and are motivated by selfishness.|
|14.||a nationalist||n.||is a child or young person who is not yet old enough to be regarded as an adult.|
|15.||a scrounger||o.||is someone living in a country that is not their own|
Exercise 11. Read through the extracts below, then write the correct numbers 1-15 next to which type of person you think said the words. Choose from the following.
|an agnostic||a picket||a spendthrift|
|a bully||a proprietor||a sponger|
|a castaway||a sadist||a squatter|
|a conscientious objector||a scapegoat||a teetotaller|
|a deserter||a snob||a veteran|
1. This shop is mine. I own it. ' 2. 'Do I save? You're joking! As soon as I get money I spend it. Do not ask me what on - it just goes. ' 3. 'A drink? No, thank you. I never touch alcohol. ' 4. 'I've been standing outside the factory gate for the past week. It's freezing and boring. I'll be glad when the strike's over. 5. "Does God exist? Well, he might, but then on the other hand he might not. I just do not know. ' 6. 'You could not lend me some money, could you, Pete? You know how it is when you're out of work. And could I stay on at your place again?' 7. 'I refuse to join the army. It's not right to fight and kill people.' 8. 'I think it's important to know the right people and shop in the right places, do not you? I really do not understand those who like to mix with the lower classes.' 9. 'Yes, I'm proud to have served my country during the second World War. It's a long time ago now, but it still seems like yesterday.' 10. 'Of course they're smaller and weaker than me. I would not dare hit them otherwise!' 11. 'Why should not we live here? The building's been empty for six months and there's nowhere else for us to live except on the streets.' 12. 'I could not stand being a soldier any longer, so I ran away. I just hope they do not catch me!' 13. 'I can not explain why, but I just get a lot of pleasure out of hurting people and making them suffer.' 14. 'It's now two weeks since the ship sank. Two whole weeks since I've been on this island. Will I ever be rescued, I wonder?' 15. 'It was not really my fault, but they needed to blame someone for the mess. So, as I was chairman of the committee, they chose me.'
Exercise 12. Fill in the missing words in the following sentences. They are to be found in the previous exercises.
1. Albert Einstein is probably the greatest ... of the 20th century. 2. 'Are you the ... of this shop?' 'No, I just work here, you want Mr Hearne.' 3. It was the first time she had acted as an ... in a talent competition and found it quite difficult to judge the winner. 4. He's always asking for money and living off others. He's such a ...! 5. She's a ... and prefers to spend time on her own rather than with others. 6. He claimed he was a doctor, but it turned out he was a complete ... and had no medical qualifications whatsoever. 7. 'Would you like a drink?' - 'No, thank you, I never touch alcohol. I'm a .... ' 8. Some anonymous ... has just donated ? 10,000 to our Help the Homeless appeal. 9. During the strike nearly 200 ... stood outside the factory gates trying to persuade people not to go to work. 10. No, I do not believe in flying saucers. I'm a ... by nature and until I see one with my own eyes I will not believe they exist. 11. She's a .... I've never heard such peculiar ideas and theories in my life. 12. I've got one ... in Italy and another in Australia. I hope to meet them one day, but until then I'll just carry on writing letters. 13. He was a strong ... and believed that Scotland should break away from the United Kingdom and have its own government and monarch. 14. It's not difficult to understand why homeless people become ... when you see how many empty houses there are in our towns and cities. 15. In most wars, thousands of innocent ... usually get killed.
Exercise 13. Form antonyms to the following adjectives, using different negative suffixes or parts of compound adjectives.
1. kind, 2. discreet, 3. sociable, 4. good-natured, 5. scrupulous, 6. consistent, 7. hard-hearted, 8. communicative, 9. tactless, 10. sincere, 11. honest, 12. tolerant, 13. sensible, 14. considerate.
Exercise 14. Ladies and gentlemen, which of these traits of character do you most dislike in a partner? Place them in order. Say what suffixes were used to form these nouns.