Functionally there are two forms of the Article - definite and indefinite. The forms are not changed. Though they have definite phonetic versions / the versions in pronunciation (drawing 4.1):
|áthe||á||áa / an|
|á||áBefore consonants||áOn the table||á||áBefore consonants||áOn a table|
|á||áBefore vowels||áIn the apple||á||á[En]||áIn the stressed position||áIn an apple|
|á[..:]||áIn the stressed position||áI told: 'On theátable, but not on a table! '||á||á[Ei]||áBefore vowels||áI told: 'On the table, but not on aátable! '|
Drawing 4.1. Allomorphemes of the Definite and Indefinite Forms of the English Article
There are three main problems / questions in accordance with the English Article:
1. If the Article is a definite word or not; and what is its relation to the Noun (the problem of garamatical status)?
2. If the Article is a definite word, then if it is a definite part of speech (the problem of morphological status)?
3. What is the number of articles in English (the problem of Grammatical Category)?
áThe Subject of Theoretical Grammar | áKinds of Theoretical Grammar | áTheoretical approaches to language data interpretation | áSyntagmatic and paradigmatic relations. | áGrammatical categories. | áGeneral characteristics of the contemporary English language system | áThe notions of the Word and the Morpheme | áKinds of Morphemes | áPrinciples of subdivision of parts of speech | áThe essence of the Theory of Three Ranks |