Tones in asking for information

  1. A) Read the text for obtaining information.
  2. A. Read the additional texts with interesting facts about Canada and discuss this information with your partner.
  3. C. Answer questions to the text. Make up a dialogue on the basis of this information.
  4. D. Complete each sentence using the information in brackets.
  5. D. Say if the statements are false, right or there is no information on the subject.
  6. Exercise 1. Complete the sentences using the information from the text
  7. Geben Sie die folgenden Informationen und Behauptungen aus zweiter Hand mit Hilfe eines Modalverbs wieder.

Questions can be pronounced with the voice going up at the end or going down at the end. You can hear the difference in this conversation. Two people are fixing a place to meet. Listen to the way A pronounces his three questions (C67).

A: Where? (A's voice goes downat the end)

B: Here.

A: Where? (A's voice goes upat the end)

B: Here.

A: Here? (A's voice goes upat the end)

B: Yes, here.

A's first question is an 'open' question. The answer could be any place; he has no idea. A's question 2 and 3 are 'check' questions. He thinks that he knows the answer and he just wants to check. The voice usually goes down at the end of 'open' questions and up at the end of 'check' question.

Ex.14Listen to the dialogue below, are the questions in it open or check? Draw a down or an up line. (C72)

A: What's your name?

B: Sonia.

A: And where were you born?

B: Surinam.

A: Is that in South America?

B: Yes, that's right.

A: And how long have you lived here?

B: Five years.

A: I see. Are you married?

B: No, I'm not.

A: And what do you do?

B: I'm a boxer.

A: You're a boxer?

Ex.15Listen to the questions below. Draw a down or an up line to mark an open or a check question. (C74)

EXAMPLE

Are you a student?

1. Have you been to America?

2. What do you study?

3. What time is it?

4. Are you over eighteen?

5. Can you drive?

6. Where is he going?

7. Do you like it?

Ex.16Look at the questions in bold below. Underline the word you think the speaker will emphasize. Then listen and check (C76).

EXAMPLE

a. So, your sister's a teacher? Where does she work?

b. Oh, so she does not work here? Where does she work?

1. a. So, you're married? Do you have any children?

b. I have two daughters. Do you have any children?

2. a. So, French is your second language? What's your first language?

b. My first language is Urdu. What's your first language?

3. a. So, you work Mondays to Saturdays? What do you do on Sundays?

b. So, your favourite day is Sunday? What do you do on Sundays?

4. a. I know how he did it, but ... Why did he do it?

b. Shewas going to do it, so ... Why did he do it?

5. a. My glasses are not here, so ... Where are my glasses?

b. Here are your glasses, but ... Where are my glasses?

Letters and sounds

Consonants: [j], [h]

To make the sound [j]: Make a small gap at the top of mouth, move the tongue down to open the gap. Move the lower jaw down a little.

To make the sound [h]: Push the air out very quickly. Do not touch the top of your mouth with the back of your tongue.

Ex.1Listen and repeat.

[J]

yolk yak yam Europe university

view music

NB!In American English, the [j] is dropped from words like new, student, tune, So for example newspaper[ 'Nju: spe?p?] sound like noose paper[ 'Nu: spe?p?].

[H]

hill heel hand horse house

heart hair

NB!Many speakers, mostly in Great Britain, do not pronounce the H, so hair[He?] sounds the same as air[E?].

Ex.2Practise saying the tongue twisters.

Yes, your face is familiar.

I'm a year Daniel's senior.

He is hard of hearing.

Hilda is head over heels in love with him.

With my hand on my heart I hoped to look holy.

Ex.3Add one of the sounds [h] or [j] to the start of the words to make other words, as in the example. Think of sounds, not spelling.

EXAMPLE air ___hair__

1. ear___________ 4. all ___________ 7. eat ____________

2. or ___________ 5. ill ___________ 8. eye ____________

3. eight _________ 6. art __________ 9. old ____________

Ex.4Each sentence contains several examples of sounds [j] and [h]. Count these sounds in the following questions as in the example.

EXAMPLE Harry had the habit of helping hitch-hikers. (6)

1. We did not use euros in Europe a few years ago.

2. Haley's horse hurried ahead.

3. A fusion of Cuban and European music.

4. Your uniform used to be yellow.

5. The hen hid behind the hen house.

6. The New York University students 'union.

Ex.5In these groups of words, three of the words begin with the same consonant sound and one of the words begin with the different sound. Underlinethe one with the different sound.

1. hour half home high

2. union used under university

3. when who where which

4. year euro uniform untie

5. how honest healthy happy

Vowels: Diphthongs [au], [ ?]

Ex.6Listen and repeat.

[Au]

house ground town cow mountain

mouse couch

[ ?]

boy oil toy coin point

boil Rolls Royce

Ex.7Listen and repeat the words paying special attention to sounds [au], [ ?].

all - oil

ball - boil

corn - coin

tore - toy

car - cow

bar - bow

grass - grouse

Ex.8Listen and repeat the phrases paying special attention to the sound [ ?].

- A loud voice

- A spoilt boy

- An awful noise

- A noisy toy

- An annoying voice

Practise in pairs.

EXAMPLE

A: That voice is very loud, is not it?

B: Yes, that's a loud voice.

1. That boy is very spoilt.

2. That noise is really awful.

3. That toy is very noisy.

4. That boy is very noisy.

5. That voice is very annoying.

Ex.9Listen and repeat the sentences paying special attention to the sound [au]. Match the sentences with the pictures.

1. Put it down. a) b) c)

2. Take it out.

3. Throw it out.

4. Turn it down.

5. Work it out. d) e)

Ex.10Practise saying the tongue twisters.

Count Brown out.

How, how, brown owl!

Why d'you frown down

At the mouse on the ground?




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