It is very important to quote somebody phonetically correct. Listen to two people having a conversation about a neighbour's son. Notice how they pronounce the quote marks ( ''). (C34)
A: I said to Terry, I said, 'Can you open the door for me?' and he says, 'Open it yourself!' Can you believe it!
B: I know. The boy's so rude! I said to his father, I said, 'You should do something about the boy', and do you know what he said to me? He said, 'It's none of your business.'
A: Oh, he's just as bad as Terry. 'Like father like son' as they say!
The speakers show the quotes by putting a short pause before and after. Also, their voice is higher on the quotes. Listen and compare these lines. Notice how you can hear quote marks. (C35)
Do you know what he said to me? - 'Do you know what?' he said to me.
I said to his father, 'I said you should do something'. - I said to his father, I said, 'You should do something.'
Ex.14 Listen to pairs of sentences. Which do you hear first and which second? Write 1 or 2 after each sentence. (C37)
EXAMPLE a. 'You're an idiot, that's what,' she said. _2_
b. 'You're an idiot', that's what she said. _1_
1. a) What she said was good. ___
b) What she said was, 'Good!' ___
2. a) He said, 'Linda was married'. ___
b) He said Linda was married. ____
3. a) That's the thing she said. ___
b) 'That's the thing', she said. ___
4. a) He wrote a letter to the president. ___
b) He wrote, 'A letter to the president'. ___
5. a) I do not know what I thought. ___
b) 'I do not know what', I thought. ___
6. a) She says, 'What she thinks is right'. ___
b) She says what she thinks is right. ___
7. a) 'Who', wrote Julius Caesar. ___
b) Who wrote Julius Caesar? ___
8. a) Who said 'Martin'? ___
b) 'Who?', said Martin ___
Ex.15 The speaker is telling some gossip. Put the quote marks in the text. Then listen and check your answer. Try saying it yourself. (C38)
Letters and sounds
Consonants: [f - v - w]
To make the sound [f]: Touch your top teeth with your bottom lip. Blow out air between your lip and your teeth.
To make the sound [v]: Follow the instructions above, use your voice.
To make the sound [w]: Round your lips and put them forward, your lips should be hard and stiff, let the air stream out while relaxing your lips. It is a short sound.
Ex.1 Listen and repeat.
leaf coffee fin photo feet
van visa river wave vacuum cleaner
wheel water square wise
Ex.2 Listen and repeat the words paying special attention to sounds
[F - v - w].
leaf - leave
vest - west
vet - wet
Feel - veal - wheel
Fine - vine - wine
Fail - veil - whale
Ex.3 Practise saying the tongue twisters.
I feel fit as a fiddle.
Fight fire with fire.
They've arrived at five.
I've never forgiven Vera.
We'll walk whatever the weather.
Walter always knows what's what.
We wonder, whether the wether will weather the weather, or whether the weather the wether will kill?
Ex.4 Find 12 words beginning or ending with [f] or [v]. The words are written horizontally or vertically.
Ex.5 Complete the conversation using words from the box. (A37)
Ex.6 Add one of these sounds to the start of these words to make other words: [f], [v] or [w]. Think of sounds, not spelling.
1. air ________________
2. ear _______________
3. eel _______________
4. eyes ______________
5. or ________________
6. old _______________
7. eat _______________
8. aid _______________
9. all ________________
Ex 7. Practise this dialogue.
A walk in the woods
Gwen: Did you meet Victor on Wednesday, Wendy?
Wendy: Yes, we went for a walk in the woods near the railway.
Gwen: Was not it cold on Wednesday?
Wendy: Yes. It was very cold and wet. We wore warm clothes and walked quickly to keep warm.
Gwen: It's lovely and quiet in the woods.
Wendy: Yes. Further away from the railway it was
very quiet, and there
were wild squirrels everywhere. We counted twenty squirrels.
Gwen: How wonderful! Twenty squirrels! And did you take lunch with
Wendy: Yes. About twelve we had veal sandwiches and sweet white wine,
and we watched the squirrels. It was a very nice walk.
To make the sound [3:]: Round your lips. Put your tongue forward and up a little. It is a long sound.
Ex 8. Listen and repeat the words paying special attention to the sound [3:].
four - fur
warm - worm
walk - work
bed - bird
kennel - colonel
shut - shirt
bun - burn
gull - girl
Ex.9 Practise saying the tongue twisters.
Repeat the verse, word for word.
What a hurly-burly girl Urse is!
The girl heard the nurse work.
Ex.10 Practise the dialogue.
The worst nurse
Sir Herbert: Nurse!
Colonel Burton: Nurse! I'm thirsty!
Sir Herbert: Nurse! My head hurts!
Colonel Burton: NURSE!
Sir Herbert: Curse these nurses!
Colonel Burton: Nurse Sherman always wears such dirty shirts.
Sir Herbert: And such short skirts.
Colonel Burton: She never arrives at work early.
Sir Herbert: She and ... er ... Nurse Turner were not at work on
Thursday, were they?
Colonel Burton: No, they were not.
Sir Herbert: Nurse Sherman is the worst nurse in the hospital, is not she?
Colonel Burton: No, she is not. She's the worst nurse in the world !!!
Samara State Aerospace University | Compiled by Veronika Stychkova | Introduction | Can you imagine that? | Kiki can not take a joke. | Come! Come! Come now! | Is it as easy as that? | What a lot of nonsense! | Emphatic Constructions | Introducing sentence stress |