COMPUTER ENGINEERING.

  1. An assembled Altair 8800 microcomputer (1975)
  2. ANALOG AND DIGITAL COMPUTERS
  3. COMMON COMPUTER APPLICATIONS
  4. COMPUTER APPLICATIONS ON RAILWAYS
  5. Computer System
  6. COMPUTERLAND

Text A. MY FUTURE PROFESSION.

Hi, there! Here is Ann Sokolova again. I am afraid this will be my last meeting with you because I need to pack my suitcase. I am leaving for Sochi tonight. I have passed all the exams successfully and I'm free till the 1st of September.

As I have already told you, I was always good in mathematics and physics. My parents bought me a computer when I was in the 10thform. Since then I knew that I would become a specialist in computer technologies - a computer engineer.

Computer industry is developing so fast, that it comprisesalmost all spheres of professional life. No business now is possible without computers. This is especially true about automated manufacturing of productsand robotics.Computer control of automated production opens new horizonsfor the cheapand quality production of goods. Information is now generated, transmitted,received, and storedelectronically through computer networks on a scale unprecedented in history, And there is everyindicationthat the explosiverate of growth in this field will continue.

Computer engineering is a general field. It deals withboth electric and electronic industries.

Electronic engineering deals with the research, design, integration, and applicationof circuitsand devicesused in the transmissionand processingof information.

Engineers in the field of electric and electronic engineering are concerned with all aspects of electrical communications, from fundamental questions such as What is information? To the highly practical, such as the design of telephone systems. In designing communication systems, engineers relyon various branches of advanced mathematics, such as Fourier analysis, linear systems theory, linear algebra, differential equations, and probability theory.

Engineers work on control systems which are used extensivelyin automated manufacturing and in robotics.

Major developments in the field of communications and control have been the replacementof analogue systems with digital systems; fibre opticsare used now instead of coppercables. Digitalsystems offer far greater immunityto electrical noise. Fibre optics are likewise immune to interference; they also have great carrying capacity, And are extremely lightand inexpensive to manufacture.

Computer engineering is now the most rapidly growingfield. The electronics of computers is the design and manufacture of memory systems, of central processing units, and of peripheral devices. The most prospective industry now is the Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) and new computer architectures. The field of computer science is closely related to computer engineering; however, the task of making computers more intelligent (Artificial intelligence),through creation of sophisticatedprograms or development of higher level machine languages ??or other means, is generally regarded as the dream of computer science.

One current trend in computer engineering is microminiaturization. Engineers continue to work to fit greater and greater numbers of circuit elements onto smaller and smaller chips.

Another trend is towards increasing the speed of computer operations through the use of parallel processors and superconductingmaterials.

So, as you see, there are a lot of employment opportunities in my field. I do not worry about finding a job. The most important thing for me now is to study well and to graduate from the Academy.

Vocabulary:

to comprise-

automated manufacturing of products-

robotics-

horizons-

cheap-

to generate- ,

to transmit-

to store-

scale-

unprecedented in history-
indication- ,

explosive-

to deal with- , -
integration-
application- ,
circuits- ,
device-
transmission-
processing-
to rely-
Fourier analysis- '
linear systems theory-
linear algebra-
differential equations-

probability theory-

extensively-

replacement-

fibre optics- 㳿

copper-

digital-

immunity- ,

carrying capacity-

light-

rapidly growing-

artificial intelligence-

sophisticated-

superconducting-

ADD TO YOUR ACTIVE VOCABULARY:

) mechanical engineer- -
electric engineer-
electronic engineer-

computer engineer- -'
military engineer- ³

b) prestigious job (work)-
well-paid job-
employee-
employer-

businessman- ϳ,

state-employed-
white-collar worker- ,

blue-collar worker- ,

skilled worker-
unskilled worker-
experienced worker-

c) to be hired for a job-

to look for a new job (work, position)-

to apply for a new job- -o

application for a position of- -
resume-

C.V. (Curriculum vitae)-
to be fired-
to retire-
to be unemployed-

Exercise 1. Translate into English:

1. ', () .

2. ͳ ' .

3. ' - .

4. ' .

5. .

6. - 㳿 ', .

Exercise 2. How do you see your future profession? Please answer the following questions:

1) What kind of work are you interested in?

a) well paid

b) interesting

c) in a large and famous company

d) quiet

e) in an industry which has a future

f) prestigious

g) not to sit the whole day in the office
h) to travel a lot

2) What position would you like to have?

a) to manage people - manager

b) to work for someone else - an employee

c) to be your own boss - self-employed, businessman

d) be responsible for everything - top manager, director

e) to work for the state - state employee

Exercise 3. Please discuss with your group advantages and disadvantages of your future profession Do you think that engineering profession is prestigious? Is it well-paid? How difficult is it to find a good work in this field?

Text B. ENGINEERING AS A PROFESSION.




After Mark Twain | Exercise 3. Make a short story about yourself. | Exercise 2. . | ³ 䳺 to be. | UNIT 2. | Exercise 1. Answer the questions to the text. | Exercise 5. Choose the corresponding pronoun | Exercise 2. Ask the questions to the text. | Exercise 3. Compare the system of higher education in Russia and in Great Britain. | (General Question) |

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