I. , 쳺 .

  1. I. , 쳺 .
  2. VII.
  3. Windows NT, , ,
  4. : , , , , . , .
  5. - . ?
  6. - , , . - , .

Can / could

I could not cook in my childhood but now I can (and now I can not).

1. speak English / German;

2. ski;

3. use a mobile phone;

4. use a calculator;

5. cook;

6. drive a car;

7. make computer programmes;

II. can / can not could / could not:

1. I have not decided yet. I ___ give you my final answer today.

2. The weather was fine so all his friends ___ come for a big barbecue.

3. I think we ___ accept these delivery dates.

4. She was ill and ___ go to the concert.

5. Why did you walk from the station? You ___ take a taxi.

6. When I visited my granny in the village I ___ go to bed as late as I wanted.

7. We ___ reduce the price because our models are in great demand on the world market.

III. will be able / will not be able:

1. I'm ill. I ___ to come to the office tomorrow.

2. Our model is very popular now so we ___ to reduce the price for it only next year.

3. I'm very busy now. So I ___ to translate these letters from our Italian partners only tonight.

4. I have to go on a business trip. So I ___ to be present at the talks tomorrow.

5. The equipment will be ready only next week so we ___ to show it on operation on Friday.

IV. must must not:

1. I have not got any money. I ... go to the bank.

2. It's raining. You ... go out without your umbrella.

3. The road is busy. You ... look carefully before you cross it.

4. My tooth hurts. I ... go to the dentist.

5. You ... play football in the house, Jack.

V. must not need not:

1. You ... play with matches. It's dangerous.

2. You ... do the washing-up. I'll do it.

3. You ... talk loudly. The baby is sleeping.

4. You ... go by taxi. I can give you a lift.

5. You ... come with me. I can go alone.

6. You ... park here. There's a No Parking sign.

VI. :

You have to answer the phone immediately.

You do not have to answer the phone immediately.

Do you have to answer the phone immediately?

1. We have to respect the culture of the country we are in.

2. He has to know the company well.

3. You have to introduce yourself to every caller.

VII. may may not:

1. I ... go to work tomorrow. I do not feel very well.

2. We ... visit the Browns. There is a film on TV we want to watch.

3. Mother ... cook something special tonight. It's my birthday.

4. Ann ... come home late tonight. She's got a lot of work in the office.

5. Father ... cut the grass today. It looks as if it is going to rain.

6. Where is Paul? He ... be at the cinema.

VIII. may may not:

1. 1. Where is Paul? He ... be at the cinema.

2. I ... go to work tomorrow. I do not feel very well.

3. Mother ... cook something special tonight. It's my birthday.

4. Ann ... come home late tonight. She's got a lot of work in the office.

5. Father ... cut the grass today. It looks as if it is going to rain.

THE PASSIVE VOICE ( )

: (The Active Voice) (The Passive Voice).

, / , , / , 䳿.

/ , , 䳺 :

They will signthe contract next week. .

/ , 䳿 / , 䳺 :

The contract will be signednext week. .

䳺 to be 䳺 (Participle II) 䳺. , 䳺 䳺 to be, 䳺 Participle II.

Present Simple:The contract is signed. .

Isthe contract signed? - Yes, it is. / No, it is not.

The contract is not (is not) signed.

Past Simple:The contact was signedlast week. ( ) .

Wasthe contract signedlast week? - Yes, it was. / No, it was not.

The contract was not (was not) signedlast week.

Future Simple:The contract will be signednext week. ( )

.

Willthe contract be signednext week? - Yes it will. / No it will not.

The contract will not (will not) be signednext week.

(), . by with. by , with- .

This novel was written bymy friend.

The contract was signed byMr. Brown.

The picture was drawn witha piece of chalk.

The bread was cut withthis knife.

ij, , . :




I. , 䳺 Present Continuous. | . | VI. ( ). | PAST SIMPLE | II. , 䳺 Past Continuous. | PRESENT PERFECT | FUTURE SIMPLE | V. , 䳺 Present Continuous Future Simple. | . | MODAL VERBS CAN, MAY, MUST |

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