The length of daylight also affects the amount of radiation that is received. Obviously, the longer the time that the sun shines the greater is the quantity of radiation that a given portion of the earth will receive. At the equator; for example, the day length is close to 12 hours in all months, whereas at the poles it varies between 0 and 24 hours from winter (polar night) to summer. The polar regions receive their maximum amounts of solar radiation during their summer solstices, which is the period of continuous day. The amount received during the December solstice in the southern hemisphere is theoretically greater than that received by the northern hemisphere during the June solstice, due to the previously mentioned elliptical path of the earth around the sun. The equator has two radiation maxima at the equinoxes and two minima at the solstices, due to the apparent passage of the sun during its double annual movement between the northern and southern hemispheres.
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ISBN 978-5м -86813-306-0 | ISBN 978-5-86813-306-0 | Solar radiation | Altitude of the sun | Effect of the atmosphere | Composition of the atmosphere | Variation with height | Variations with latitude and season | The layering of the atmosphere | Ozone layer reduction |