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1. New customs checkpoints have been set upat the borders with the Baltic States.

2. Quantitative restrictions or other forms of import control have been adoptedin many countries.

3. The goods had been keptat the bonded warehouse for a month before the dutieswere paid.

4. The new import tariffs on used cars will have been worked outby December.

5. The cargo was seizedbecause the false invoicehad been discovered.

2. Passive Voice.

1. He has not fixed the date for the next meeting yet.

2. The government has increased duties on some types of industrial products recently.

3. The Japanese customs has made efforts to train more detector dogs.

4. The customs officer seized the cargo because he had discovered the false invoice.

5. The specialists have estimated the size of the US market between $ 50 billion and $ 100 billion a year.

6. The officer-in-charge will have signed all the protocols by 2 o'clock.

7. The inspector has already confiscated 25 kg of drugs this year.

8. I had checked the accompanying documents before I examined the cargo.

9. The passengers had collected their luggage before the customs officer told them to go through the Green Channel.

10. The congressmen will have introduced the new bill by the end of the month.

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The Russian Customs Service (to carry out) the same functions as the Customs of any other developed countries: fiscal function, regulation of foreign trade by means of tariff and non-tariff methods, law enforcement, collection and keeping of customs statistics concerning foreign trade , etc.

However, the main task of Russian Customs (to be) the protection of the economic interests of the country, national treasures and cultural and historical properties. Customs policy (to have) a far greater share and importance in Russia's regulation of economic activities than in industrial countries with developed market economies.

Customs policy (to perform) already its historical role in western European countries. The increasing integration and GATT / WTO development (to bring) to zero the average customs duty payment in Europe. So, the Customs tariff, in practice (to be) not an economic and trade regulator any longer in Europe. The Russian Federation, on the other hand, (to be) in its tariff renaissance period.

The customs tariff's main advantage (to be) that it (to bring) only quantitative changes and (not to break) the link between the internal economy and world markets.

During the period 1991-94, much (to do) to create customs legislation in Russia. Two important laws (to put) into power: "The Customs Code of the Russian Federation" and "On Customs Tariff". All provisions and regulations of these documents (to be) of the world standards.

Russia (to have) the world's longest border to police, much of it newly created. The creation of Russian Customs (to complicate) by the fact that, after the disintegration of the USSR, the best-equipped and best-staffed customs services (to be) outside Russia, which (to acquire) as a result 13,500 km of new borders with former Soviet Republics. Moreover the Russian Customs Service (to see) a five-fold staff increase over the past years. This (to match) by growing organizational complexity. The ideological imperative (to replace).

Today the Russian Federation (to have) a modern, multi-functioning Customs Service which (to be) able to take a deserving place in market economy regulation and (to be) competent to help in rapprochement between the Russian and world economies. Everyone (to treat) The Russian Customs Service as an equal and this (to mean) that the Russian Federation (to become) a full and equal member of the world community.




Ͳ | RUSSIAN CUSTOMS | | Ͳ | Glossary | Investigation | | Ͳ | Glossary | CANINE ENFORCEMENT |

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