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Вправа 423

  1. Вібраційне вправу на заземлення
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  7. Завдання №1. Вправа на саморегуляцію.

Розмістіть по порядку:

a) пропозиції, в яких ing-форма є причастям;

b) пропозиції, в яких ing-форма є герундием.

1. a) When we entered the classroom, we saw ma-

ny students writing at the desks.

b) Do you mind my writing with your pen?

c) He was writing a letter when I entered the room.

2. a) We all listened with great interest to the

speaker criticizing the new book.

b) Criticizing the work of our sports club, he said that it was not satisfactory.

c) They were criticizing the government for its failure to limit air pollution at that moment.

d) I have no objection to your criticizing me.

3. Lydia could retell the English story she had
read without looking into the book. 4. Everybody ran
to meet the people returning from the city. 5. They
went home quickly, protecting themselves from the
rain by walking under the trees. 6. In this factory
much attention is paid to protecting the health of
the workers. 7. He stopped writing and looked
around. 8. In this picture you can see a young man
giving flowers to a girl. 9. Playing volleyball is
a popular sport for young people. 10. She left the
room without saying a word. 11. We had the pleas
ure of seeing the performance. 12. John likes study
ing history. 13. Never jump off a moving train. 14. Read
ing books out of doors is his favourite way of spend
ing the summer holidays, but he likes swimming and
going on excursions as well. 15. Running water is
always better than standing water. 16. The remain
ing cakes were given to the children. 17. The cakes,


Герундій і віддієслівний іменник 349

remaining from the evening, were given to the children. 18. You can learn what the new words mean by looking them up in the dictionary. 19. Before going to meet his friend, he went home to change his clothes. 20. They went out to meet the returning women. 21. Returning home after a good holiday is always pleasant. 22. Returning home after a good holiday, he looked the picture of health.

Вправа 424

Розмістіть по порядку:

a) пропозиції, в яких ing-форма є причастям;

b) пропозиції, в яких ing-форма є герундием.

1. Не was looking at the plane flying overhead. 2. Wishing to learn to skate, she bought herself a pair of skates. 3. Just imagine his coming first in the race! 4. The children were tired of running. 5. Being frightened by the dog, the cat climbed a high fence. 6. It is no use going there now. 7. Coming out of the wood, the travellers saw a ruined castle in the distance. 8. My greatest pleasure is travelling. 9. Growing tomatoes need a lot of sunshine. 10. Growing corn on his desert island, Robinson Crusoe hoped to eat bread one day. 11. Growing roses takes a lot of care and attention. 12. Having prepared all the necessary equipment, they began the experiment. 13. Mary will stop for a few days at the seaside before going back home. 14. While translating the text, I looked up many words in the dictionary. 15. I usualy help mother by washing the dishes and doing the rooms. 16. Entering the room, I saw my friends smiling at me. 17. Instead of phoning his friend, he went to see him. 18. The boys continued

playing football. 19. Watching the playing kittens was great fun for the children.

 Порівняйте герундий і віддієслівний іменник:
Reading a good book gives me a lot of pleasure. герундий
The reading of a good book gives me a lot of pleasure. віддієслівне существи-тельное

Вправа 425

Розмістіть по порядку:

a) пропозиції, в яких ing-форма є герундием;

b) пропозиції, в яких ing-форма є віддієслівним іменником.

1. The singing of those beautiful folk songs impressed me greatly. 2. Your having written is really no excuse for your not coming on the day fixed. 3. Such doings can hardly be explained. 4. The motor was carefully examined before starting. 5. I am very pleased to meet you after hearing so much about you. 6. Your hair wants cutting. 7. I shall look forward to seeing you again. 8. It was no use talking about it any longer. 9. Sleeping is necessary. 10. We felt so disappointed at your having missed nearly half the programme. 11. The building of this house will cost much money. 12. Are you dressed for going out? 13. I hate the idea of ??doing it once more.

14. Then came a general lighting of pipes and cigars.

15. But you do not mind being asked to help us, do you? 16. The forest resounded with the hooting of owls and the howling of wolves. 17. She blamed herself for having been a dull companion.


Герупдій і віддієслівний іменник 351

Вправа 426

Розмістіть по порядку:

a) пропозиції, в яких ing-форма є причастям;

b) пропозиції, в яких ing-форма є герундием;

c) пропозиції, в яких ing-форма є віддієслівним іменником.

1. The driving wheel of the machine is broken.

2. Driving in a motor car, we passed many villages.

3. We have every chance of passing our examinations well. 4. Having been knocked down by a passing car, the poor man was at once taken to hospital. 5. You do not know what you miss, not having the desire to listen to good music. 6. These happenings are remarkable. 7. Travelling is a pleasant way of improving one's education. 8. Every trust arranges for the marketing of its products. 9. I was told of a great friendship existing between the two captains. 10. It is no use crying over spilt milk. 11. Asking him for help is useless. 12. Happily we escaped being delayed on our way. 13. There are many discoveries being made all over the world. 14. Seeing this man, I recollected perfectly having met him many years before.

Вправа 427

Розмістіть по порядку:

a) пропозиції, в яких ing-форма є причастям;

b) пропозиції, в яких ing-форма є герундием;

c) пропозиції, в яких ing-форма є віддієслівним іменником.

1. Sitting by her sleeping child, the worried mother at last began to realize by its peaceful breath-

ing that all danger was over. 2. I stopped knocking at the door and, sitting down at the top of the stairs, began waiting for my father to come. 3. With a sudden tightening of the muscles he became aware of a figure walking noiselessly beside him. 4. She praised herself for having come. 5. Having stopped crying, the child quieted down to hard thinking. 6. The old clock kept ticking on the mantelpiece, as if counting the seconds left before the coming of daylight. 7. Remembering that time was like going back to his childhood and reliving those happy days. 8. Looking back upon that time, he realized how happy he had been then. 9. Tom lived there like a paying guest, attracting very little attention of the others.

Вправа 428

Розмістіть по порядку:

a) пропозиції, в яких ing-форма є причастям;

b) пропозиції, в яких ing-форма є герундием;

c) пропозиції, в яких ing-форма є віддієслівним іменником.

1. We sat by the riverside listening to the running of the water. 2. The cleaning of the room was done by the girls. 3. Working in the garden is very good for the health of people. 4. Going home from the theatre, they were discussing the play they had seen. 5. You should think before speaking. 6. After finding the new word in the dictionary, I wrote it down and went on reading. 7. He spent much time on the copying of his literature lectures. 8. What do you mean by saying that? 9. The students found the reading of English newspapers rather difficult at first. 10. Instead of going home after school, the girls went for a walk. 11. Chalk is used for writing on the blackboard.

Складне доповнення (Complex Object) 353


glish, "said my mother to me. - My mother wanted ... 9." Bring me some water from the river, children, "said our grandmother. - Our grandmother wanted ... 10." Come to my birthday party, "said Kate to her classmates. - Kate wanted ... 11. The biology teacher said to us:" Collect some insects in summer. "- The biology teacher wanted ... 12." Do not eat ice cream before dinner, "said our mother to us. Our mother did not want ...

I want him to help me. I'd like him to help me.

Вправа 429

Закінчите пропозиції, вживаючи складне доповнення.

- E.g."Bring me a book," said my brother to me.

My brother wanted me to bringhim a book.

1. The teacher said to the pupils: "Learn the rule." - The teacher wanted ... 2. "Be careful, or else you will spill the milk," said my mother to me. - My mother did not want ... 3. "My daughter will go to a ballet school," said the woman. - The woman wanted ... 4. The man said: "My son will study mathematics." - The man wanted ... 5. "Oh, father, buy me this toy, please," said the little boy. - The little boy wanted ... 6. "Wait for me after school," said Ann to me. - Ann wanted ... 7. "Fix the shelf in Mir kitchon," my father said to me. - My father wniilnl ... K. "It. Will be very good if you study En-

Вправа 430

Переведіть на англійську мову, вживаючи складне доповнення.

1. Я хочу, щоб всі діти сміялися. 2. Я хочу, щоб все це прочитали. 3. Мені хотілося б, щоб доктор подивився його. 4. Діти хотіли, щоб я розповів їм казку. 5. Я не хочу, щоб вона знала про це. 6. Він хотів, щоб його друг пішов з ним. 7. Мій брат хоче, щоб я вивчала іспанську мову. 8. Я б хотів, щоб мої учні добре знали англійську мову. 9. Я не хочу, щоб ти отримав погану оцінку. 10. Мені б не хотілося, щоб вони спізнилися. 11. Я не хотіла, щоб ви мене чекали. 12. Вона б хотіла, щоб її брат отримав перший приз. 13. Я хочу, щоб ви прочитали цю книгу. 14. Мені б хотілося, щоб ви приїхали до нас. 15. Вона хотіла, щоб її син добре закінчив школу. 16. Їм би хотілося, щоб ми програли гру. 17. Вона не хотіла, щоб я поїхав до Москви. 18. Я б не хотів, щоб ви втратили мою книгу. 19. Папа хоче, щоб я була піаністкою. 20. Ми хочемо, щоб цей артист приїхав до нас в школу. 21. Вам би хотілося, щоб я розповів вам цю історію? 22. Хочете, я дам вам мій словник?

12 Ю. Голіцинський


Складне доповнення (Complex Object) 355

I expect him to come.

I know him to be a good pupil.

Вправа 391 | Вправа 392 | Вправа 394 | Lllllfillll ^ CM. .. | Вправа 400 | Вправа 408 | She insisted on her son being allowed to go home. | Вправа 412 | Вправа 415 | I saw him enter. - I saw him entering. I heard her speak. - I heard her speaking. I noticed him frown. - I noticed him frowning. I felt him tremble. - I felt him trembling. |

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