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Вправа 400

  1. Вібраційне вправу на заземлення
  2. ДРУГЕ УПРАЖНЕНИЕ
  3. ДРУГЕ УПРАЖНЕНИЕ
  4. ДРУГЕ УПРАЖНЕНИЕ
  5. Для чого і коли застосовувати вправу
  6. Для чого і коли застосовувати вправу
  7. Завдання №1. Вправа на саморегуляцію.

Переведіть на російську мову, звертаючи увагу на герундий.

1. She has always dreamt of living in a small house by the sea. 2. She disliked living in her old house. 3. She was thinking of buying a new one.

4. Now, she enjoys living in a beautiful new house.

5. She misses seeing the neighbours of course.


6. Usually she enjoyed talking to them and did not mind helping them. 7. She likes cooking and is very good at it. 8. But she does not like washing and ironing. 9. She hates getting up early, but she has to. 10. She does not mind working a lot, you know. 11. She enjoys driving an expensive car. 12. She has always dreamt of travelling round the world. 13. But she hates flying and she's never been overseas. 14. She has risen to be head of the company in spite of being a woman in a man's world. 15. She loves meeting people because she can not bear being alone. 16. She loves talking to the press and appearing on TV shows. 17. She enjoys being photographed because she thinks she's beautiful. 18. She hates being laughed at. 19. She likes being stared at because she thinks she's attractive. 20. But she hates being ignored.

Вправа 401

Переведіть на російську мову, звертаючи увагу на різні форми герундія.

1. The place is worth visiting. 2. Watching football matches may be exciting enough, but of course it is more exciting playing football. 3. She stopped coming to see us, and I wondered what had happened to her. 4. Can you remember having seen the man before? 5. She was terrified of having to speak to anybody, and even more, of being spoken to. 6. He was on the point of leaving the club, as the porter stopped him. 7. After being corrected by the teacher, the students 'papers were returned to them. 8. I wondered at my mother's having allowed the journey. 9. I understand perfectly your wishing to start the work at once. 10. Everybody will discuss the event, there is no preventing it. 11. At last he broke the silence by inviting everybody to walk into the dining room. 12. On being told the news, she turned pale.


330 ГРАММАТИКА. ЗБІРКА УПРАЖНЕНИЙ


герундій




 Запам'ятайте такі дієслова і вирази, які потребують після себе герундія:
 to avoid to burst out  to excuse to finish  to keep (on) to mind1
 can not help to deny to enjoy  to forgive to give up to go on  to postpone to put off to stop

Вправа 402

Переведіть на російську мову, звертаючи увагу на герундий.

1. I avoided speaking to them about that matter. 2. She burst out crying. 3. They burst out laughing.

4. She denied having been at home that evening.

5. He enjoyed talking of the pleasures of travelling.

6. Excuse my leaving you at such a moment. 7. Please forgive my interfering. 8. He gave up smoking a few years ago. 9. They went on talking. 10. He keeps insisting on my going to the south. 11. Oh, please do stop laughing at him. 12. Do you mind my asking you a difficult question? 13. Would you mind coming again in a day or two? 14. I do not mind wearing this dress. 15. She could not help smiling. 16. I can not put off doing this translation. 17. Though David was tired, he went on walking in the direction of Dover. 18. Her husband used to smoke, but he stopped smoking two years ago. But it was too late.

19. Have you finished washing the dishes yet?

20. Do not be nervous! Stop biting your nails! 21. He
postponed going to New York as he fell ill.

1 Тільки в питальних і негативних пропозиціях: a) Do you mind me smoking? b) I do not mind having a dog in the house. Див. Cambridge International Dictionary of English, з 899.


Вправа 403

Переведіть на англійську мову, вживаючи герундій.

1. Перестаньте розмовляти. 2. Ми вже закінчили читання цієї книги. 3. Продовжуйте співати. 4. Ви не проти того, щоб відкрити вікно? 5. Він заперечував, що скоїв злочин. 6. Я дуже люблю малювати. 7. Ми отримали задоволення від плавання. 8. Я не могла не погодитися з ним. 9. Він розсміявся. 10. Вона кинула курити. 11. Вона уникала зустрічі з ним. 12. Ми відкладемо обговорення доповіді. 13. Нарешті, вони перестали сміятися. 14. Вона заперечувала, що вкрала гроші. 15. Нам довелося відкласти поїздку на дачу до наступної суботи. 16. Вибачте, що я втратив вашу ручку. 17. Коли вона закінчить писати твір? 18. Я не заперечую проти того, щоб залишитися вдома і попрацювати над моєю новою книгою. 19. Перестаньте тремтіти. Уникайте показувати цим людям, що ви їх боїтеся. 20. Я не можу не турбуватися про них: вони перестали писати. 21. Я не заперечую, що бачив їх в той вечір. 22. Він не заперечував проти того, щоб його оглянули: він перестав прикидатися, що здоровий. 23. Він не може мене вибачити за те, що я порвав його сумку. 24. Вона заперечувала, що взяла мій годинник. 25. Хлопчик любить командувати своєю сестрою. 26. Краще відкласти прийняття рішення. 27. Чи не могли б ви дати мені книгу, коли закінчите її читати? 28. Її син намагався уникнути відповіді на її питання, так як йому було соромно, що він збрехав їй раніше. 29. Він не міг не думати, що його син зробив велику помилку. 30. Вибачте мене, будь ласка, що я відкрила ваш лист помилково. 31. Я перестала їсти м'ясо і кожен день отримую задоволення від більш здорової їжі.


332 ГРАММАТИКА. ЗБІРКА УПРАЖНЕНИЙ


герундій




 Запам'ятайте такі  дієслова і вирази,
 що вимагають після себе герундіяс певними
 приводами:
 to accuse of  to insist on
 to agree to  to look forward to
 to approve of  to object to
 to be afraid of  to persist in
 to congratulate on  to prevent from
 to depend on  to succeed in
 to dream of  to suspect of
 to feel like  to thank for
 to give up the idea of  to think of

Вправа 404

Переведіть на російську мову, звертаючи увагу на герундий.

1. Не was afraid of waking her. 2. I'm looking forward to going on holiday. 3. She congratulated herself on having thought of such a good idea. 4. My friend succeeded in translating this difficult text. 5. She suspected him of deceiving her. 6. The poor peasant thanked Robin Hood heartily for having helped him. 7. He gave up the idea of ??ever hearing from her. 8. We are looking forward to seeing you again. 9. He has always dreamt of visiting other countries. 10. He persisted in trying to solve that difficult problem. 11. The cold weather prevented the girls from going for long walks. 12. Jane thought of leaving Lowood after Miss Temple's marriage.

13. They accuse him of having robbed the house.

14. He never agreed to their going on that dangerous voyage. 15. He did not approve of her drinking so much coffee. 16. The teacher of mathematics did


not approve of his pupils dreaming. 17. All the happiness of my life depends on your loving me. 18.1 do not feel like seeing him. 19. I insist on being told the truth. 20. I object to his borrowing money from you. 21. I stretched out my hand to prevent her from falling.

Вправа 405

Переведіть на англійську мову, вживаючи герундій.

1. Дякую вам, що ви прислали мені такі красиві квіти. 2. Його звинуватили в тому, що він продав важливі державні секрети. 3. Він заперечував, що продав їх. 4. Він наполягав на тому, що не винен. 5. Він боявся, що його посадять у в'язницю. 6. Шум у сусідній кімнаті заважав мені думати. 7. Я думаю про те, щоб поїхати на південь влітку. 8. Хлопчик заперечував, що його постійно лають і карають. 9. Я наполягаю на тому, щоб поговорити з ним. 10. Я з нетерпінням чекав зустрічі з братом. 11. Мені щось не хочеться сьогодні грати в лото. 12. Їй вдалося зробити дуже хороший переклад цього важкого тексту.

Вправа 406

Розкрийте дужки, вживаючи герундій в активній або пасивній формі.

1. Why do you avoid (to speak) to me? 2. She tried to avoid (to speak) to. 3. The doctor insisted on (to send) the sick man to hospital. 4. The child insisted on (to send) home at once. 5. Do you mind him (to examine) by a heart specialist? 6. He showed no sign of (to recognize) me. 7. She showed no sign of (to surprise). 8. He had a strange habit of (to interfere) in other people's business. 9. I was angry at


334 ГРАММАТИКА. ЗБІРКА УПРАЖНЕНИЙ


герундій




(To interrupt) every other moment. 10. He is good at (to- repair) cars. 11. He was very glad of (to help) in his difficulty. 12. On (to allow) to leave the room, the children immediately ran out into the yard and began (to play). 13. In (to make) this experiment, they came across some very interesting phenomena. 14. The results of the experiment must be checked and rechecked before (to publish). 15. David was tired of (to scold) all the time. 16. The watch requires (to repair)1. 17. The problem is not worth (to discuss)1. 18. Jane Eyre remembered (to lock) up in the red room for (to contradict) Mrs. Reed.

Вправа 407

Розкрийте дужки, вживаючи потрібну форму герундія.

1. The machine needs (to clean)1. 2. I am quite serious in (to say) that I do not want to go abroad. 3. He seemed sorry for (to be) inattentive to his child. 4. She confessed to (to forget) to send the letter. 5. The old man could not stand (to tell) what he should do. 6. Going to the party was no use: he had no talent for (to dance). 7. The Bronze Horseman is worth (to see)1. 8. After thoroughly (to examine) the student, the professor gave him a satisfactory mark. 9. After thoroughly (to examine) by the examination commission, the student was given a satisfactory mark. 10. She accused him of (to steal) her purse.

11. She reproached me for (not to write) to her.

12. This, job is not worth (to take)1. 13. After (to look) through and (to mark) the students 'papers, the

1 Зверніть увагу, що після дієслів to want, to need, to deserve, to require, а також після слова worth вживається active gerund, хоча за значенням він passive.

E.g. My watch needs repairing (а не being repaired).


teacher handed them back. 14. After (to look) through and (to mark), the papers were handed back to the students. 15. These clothes want (to wash)1.

16. David was very glad of (to find) his aunt.

17. Excuse me for (to break) your beautiful vase.

18. You never mentioned (to be) to Greece. 19. She was proud of (to award) the champion's cup.

20. I do not remember ever (to meet) your sister.

21. I do not remember (to ask) this question by anybody. 22. The cat was punished for (to break) the cup. 23. The cat was afraid of (to punish) and hid itself under the sofa.




Вправа 378 | Вправа 379 | Вправа 380 | Buying - купуючи having bought - купивши | Вправа 389 | Вправа 390 | Вправа 391 | Вправа 392 | Вправа 394 | She insisted on her son being allowed to go home. |

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