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290

  1. ³
  2. 1. .

, 䳺 Passive Voice.

1. The rule explained by the teacher at the last lesson (to understand) by all of us. 2. The poem was


so beautiful that it (to learn) by everybody. 3. I hope the invitation (to accept) by everybody. 4. The letter (to post) in half an hour. 5. It seems to me that music (to hear) from the next room. 6. At the last competition the first prize (to win) by our team.

7. The question (to settle) as soon as they arrived.

8. Your report must (to divide) into two chapters.

9. Soon he (to send) to a sanatorium. 10.The book (to discuss) at the next conference. 11.The composition must (to hand) in on Wednesday. 12.Yesterday he (to tell) to prepare a speech. 13. The article (to publish) last week, if I am not mistaken. 14. The lecture (to attend) by all of us yesterday. 15. A taxi (to call) fifteen minutes ago, so we are expecting it any moment. 16. The young man (to introduce) to me only a couple of hours ago, but it seems to me that I've known him for years.

291

, 䳺 Active Voice Passive Voice.

1. Nobody (to see) him yesterday. 2. The telegram (to receive) tomorrow. 3. He (to give) me this book next week. 4. The answer to this question can (to find) in the encyclopedia. 5. We (to show) the historical monuments of the capital to the delegation tomorrow. 6. You can (to find) interesting information about the life in the USA in this book. 7. Budapest (to divide) by the Danube into two parts: Buda and Pest. 8. Yuri Dolgoruki (to found) Moscow in 1147.

9. Moscow University (to found) by Lomonosov.

10.We (to call) Zhukovski the father of Russian
aviation. 11.He (to speak) very highly of the doctor.


244 .

Passive Voice

Present Past Future Th! "^ *

m-the-Past

(He said that)
Letters The letter The letter the letter
S are was will be would be

11 writen written written written

)

< "g every yesferday. tomorrow. the next day. = - day.

m oT The The letter \ / \ /

5 letter is was being \ / \ /

| being written X. X.

g written at 5 o'clock / \ / \

a now. yesferday. / \ / \

(He said that)

The The letter The letter the letter

letter had been will have would have

% has written been been written

already by 5 o'clock written by 5 o'clock

"been yesferday. by 5 o'clock the next day.

written. tomorrow.

3- \ / \ / \ / \ /

S8 \ / \ / \ / \ /
= Fi \ / \ / \ / \ /

? O) \ / \ / \ / \ /

s Y

- / \ / \ / \

SS / \ / \ / \ / \ 2 ?/ \ / \ / \ / \

I i


Passive Voice

292

Passive Voice.

1. stole a lot of money from the shop. 2. By six o'clock they had finished the work. 3. At twelve o'clock the workers were loading the trucks. 4. By three o'clock the workers had loaded the trucks. 5. We send our daughter to rest in the south every year. 6. They will show this film on TV. 7. They are building a new concert hall in our street. 8. I bought potatoes yesterday. 9. We shall bring the books tomorrow. 10. They are repairing the clock now. 11. They sell milk in this shop. 12. I have translated the whole text. 13. They broke the window last week. 14. When I came home, they had eaten the sweets. 15. We shall do the work in the evening. 16. He wrote this book in the 19th century. 17. They were playing tennis from four till five. 18. They have made a number of important experiments in this laboratory. 19. Livingstone explored Central Africa in the 19th century. 20. By the middle of autumn we had planted all the trees. 21. They will stage this play at the beginning of next season. 22. They have forgotten the story. 23. Has anybody explained the rules of the game to you? 24. They have not brought back my skates.

293

Passive Voice.

1. will introduce me to his friends. 2. They are building a bridge over the river. 3. I have not yet translated the article. 4. We were looking at the man with great surprise. 5. You will speak about the film at the lesson. 6. The headmistress sent for the pupil's parents. 7. Has the secretary typed the let-


246 .


Passive Voice




ters yet? - No, she is typing them now. 8. We asked him about his holidays. 9. They have already discussed the novel. 10.He did not give me his address. 11.She showed him the way to the metro station.




Present Simple Past Simple Present Continuous Past Continuous | I have not been to Moscow since last year. | , | | Present | | I supposed that my brother would be sleeping. | 262 | Present Simple Passive | 284 |

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