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Present perfect and past simple

  1. A Team Presentation
  2. Air of an ambassador presenting an attachй to the sovereign of the court to
  3. B) Compare the situation in 1992 with the present-day situation.
  4. B) Present them in a short review and compare the information and viewpoints in Text (a) and Text (b).
  5. B) Reread the article to find the sentence describing the present-day relations between the IMF and the World Bank.
  6. B) Sum up the text in 5-7 sentences and present your summary in class.
  7. B) Sum up the text in 5-7 sentences and present your summary in class.
Present Perfect (have done) Past Simple (did)
I've done a lot of work today. We use the Present Perfect for a period of time that continues from the past until now. For example, today, this week, since 1985. It hasn't rained this week. Have you seen Ann this morning? (it is still morning) Ian lives in London. He has lived there for seven years. I have never played golf. (in my life) The Present Perfect always has a connection with now. I did a lot of work yesterday. We use the Past Simple for a finished time in the past. For example, yesterday, last week, from 1985 to 1991. It didn't rain last week. Did you see Ann this morning? (it is now afternoon or evening) Did you see Ann on Sunday? Ian lived in Scotland for ten years. Now he lives in London. I didn't play golf when I was on holiday last summer. The Past Simple tells us only about the past.

Essential Grammar In Use. Raymond Murphy

Exercise 1. Use the words in brackets (...) to answer the question.

Have you seen Ann? (5 minutes ago) Yes, I saw her 5 minutes ago.

Have you started your new job? Have you friends arrived? Has Sarah gone away Have you worn your new shoes? (last week) Yes, I .................... last week (at 5 o'clock) Yes, they ........................ (on Friday) Yes, ................................. (yesterday) Yes, .................................

Exercise 2. Are the underlined parts of these sentences right or wrong? Correct the ones that are wrong.

The Chinese have invented printing. WRONG: The Chinese invented.

- Do you know about Sue? She's given up her job. ............................

- How many plays has Shakespeare written? ....................................

- Have you read any of Shakespeare's plays? ...................................

- Aristotle has been a Greek philosopher. .......................................

- Ow! I've cut my finger. It's bleeding. ..........................................

- My grandparents have got married in London. ................................

- Where have you been born? ......................................................

- Mary isn't at home. She's gone shopping. ......................................

- Albert Einstein has been the scientist who has developed the theory of relativity. ............................................................................

Exercise 3. Put the verb into the most suitable form, Present Perfect or Past Simple.

- "Look! Somebody ................... (spill) coffee on the carpet." "Well, it .................. (not/be) me. I ................ (not/do) it."

- "Ben ............................. (break) his leg." "Really? How ................. (that/happen)?" "He ..................... (fall) off a ladder."

- "Your hair looks nice. ............................ (you/have) a haircut?" "Yes." "Who .................... (cut) it? .................... (you/go) to the hairdresser?" "No, a friend of mine ........................ (do) it for me."

Exercise 4. Are the underlined parts of these sentences right or wrong? Correct the ones that are wrong.

  1. I've lost my key. I can't find it anywhere. ..................................
  2. Have you seen the news on television last night? ..........................
  3. I've bought a new car. Do you want to see it? ..............................
  4. I've bought a new car last week. .............................................
  5. Where have you been yesterday evening? ...................................
  6. Jenny has left school in 1991. .................................................
  7. I'm looking for Mike. Have you seen him? .................................
  8. I'm very hungry. I haven't eaten anything today. ...........................
  9. Diane hasn't been at work yesterday. ........................................
  10. When has this book been published? .........................................

Exercise 5. Write a ten sentences story about your everyday life using the Present Perfect and Past Simple.

Revision test

- Put the verb in the Present Perfect or Past Simple.

  1. My friend is a writer. He ............................. (write) many books.
  2. We ..................... (not/have) a holiday last year.
  3. I ......................... (play) tennis yesterday afternoon.
  4. What time ..................... (you/go) to bed last night?
  5. .................................. (you/ever/meet) a famous person?
  6. The weather ........................ (not/be) very good yesterday.
  7. My hair is wet. I .................... (just/wash) it.
  8. I ................... (wash) my hair before breakfast this morning.
  9. Kathy travels a lot. She .................. (visit) many countries.
  10. "Is Sonia here?" "No, she ................... (not/come) yet."

- Put the verbs in brackets in the correct form, Present Perfect or Past Simple.

  1. "Where's your key?" "I don't know. I .................... it." (lose)
  2. I ....... Very tired, so I lay down on the bed and went to sleep. (be)
  3. Mary ................. to Australia for a while but she's back again now. (go)
  4. "Where's Ken?" "He .............. out. He'll be back in about an hour." (go)
  5. I did German at school but I ....................... most of it. (forget)
  6. I meant to phone Diane last night but I ................... . (forget)
  7. I ................ A headache earlier but I feel fine now. (have)
  8. Look! There's an ambulance over there. There ................... an accident. (be)
  9. They're still building the new road. They ...................... it. (not/finish)
  10. "Is Helen still here?" "No, she .................... out." (just/go)
  11. The police ....................... three people but later they let them go. (arrest)
  12. Ann ....................... me her address but I'm afraid I ................. it. (give, lose)


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Clean die enjoy finish happen live open play rain smoke start want watch stay | Verb to be (The Past Simple Tense) | Past continuous vs. Past simple | Lesson 1 | Mode, drive, access, driver, multitasking, bus, ROM, device, motherboard, program. | Lesson 3 | Lesson 4 | Lesson 5 | Email etiquette | Homework |

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