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Text 9. Scientists use windows to trap solar energy

  1. Audio "Passive Homes Save Energy, Money".
  2. ENERGY AND ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
  3. Energy budgets
  4. Energy Flow in the Biosphere
  5. ENERGY SUPPLY
  6. Energy transfer within the earth-atmosphere system
  7. FAMOUS SCIENTISTS

Researchers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) have discovered a new way of capturing the Sun's energy. A team from MIT have created a new technique that involves coating windows with special chemical dyes. The dyes help trap the light from the Sun and send it to special storage cells that then convert the light into electricity. The team's discovery could transform buildings into energy plants. It could even one day mean that the windows in our houses could power our homes. The scientists say their dyes can produce ten times more power than the traditional solar panels used around the world today. They predict that this clean and renewable energy technology could be available within the next three years.

The idea was first developed in the 1970s but was abandoned. Scientists then found that too much of the collected sunlight failed to reach the solar storage units at the edges of the window. The MIT engineers revived the idea and used coloured dyes to stop the light from escaping. MIT's development also does away with the need for hundreds of bulky solar cells. Instead, their method only requires cells around the edges of the window. MIT's Professor Baldo explained: "The coated glass would let through about 10 per cent of the Sun to light up the room, and the remainder would be captured and funnelled to the edges to solar cells to generate electricity...It would look like smoked glass because of the dyes." The new discovery could help fight climate.

Text 10. Scientists test WiTricity - Wireless Electricity

A team of US researchers has come up with an electricity system that does not need wires. This is a breakthrough in what will hopefully be a wireless future. The scientists, from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, lit a 60-watt light bulb using magnetic fields. In the test, the power source was just two metres away from the light, but the team hopes they will soon be able to send electricity longer distances through the air. They have dubbed their new invention "WiTricity", or wireless electricity. Although wi-fi has been around for some years now, it has been limited to the transmission of information, especially between computers and modems, printers and scanners. This is the first time electrical appliances have been powered wirelessly.

This new development means that our houses may be free from tangled wires. Gone will be the days of having to unplug the vacuum to go from room to room, and of having countless plugs hidden behind the TV and stereo. The new source of delivering power to gadgets remotely may also reduce the number of fires caused by poor wiring and overloaded sockets. It turns out the concept is not so new. A century ago, inventor Nikola Tesla struck upon the idea of building a huge tower in New York that would wirelessly beam power to the city. Unfortunately, his idea never came to fruition, until today, that is. It will still be a while before we have wireless homes and offices. Safety experts will be checking closely to ensure the power source causes us no harm.

Список используемой литературы

1. Acklam R., Burgess S. First certificate gold. Longman group Limited, 1996 - 208с.

2. Murphy Raymond. English Grammar in Use. Cambridge University Press, 1994 - 350c.

3. Modern Manufacturing // Austin: Mechanical Engineering. - February 19, 2077. - 298 c.

4. Thomas A.J., Martinet A.V. A Practical English Grammar Exercises 2. Oxford University Press, 1988 - 246.

5. Yule George. Oxford Practice Grammar Advanced. Oxford University Press, 2006 - 280c.

6. Breaking news English website [Electronic resource].Electronic data. - Mode access: http://www.breakingnewsenglish.com

7. Virtual Industrial Exhibition [Electronic resource].−Electronic data. − [S. l.]: Direct Industry, cop. 2008 −. − Mode access: http://www.directindustry.com

8. Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. Longman Group Ltd, 1997 - 1668 c.

Оглавление

Введение .................................................................3

Unit I. World's first flying car makes its debut ..................4

Unit II. Internet helps families stay more in touch .............9

Unit III. New computer art mirrors viewer's mood ...........16

Unit IV. New body scanners see through clothes...............24

Unit V. Scientists can make things invisible......................29

Unit VI. Computers 'to match man by 2029'....................35

Unit VII. Artificial Brain ............................................42

Unit VIII. Cloned dogs in training to sniff for drugs .........47

Unit IX. Television shoes ............................................54

Unit X. Self-destructing mobile phone messages ...............60



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IV. DISCUSSION | With different partners have these fun 2-minute debates. Your teacher will time you and tell you to change partners | I. Read the text | Here is a crossword. Have funJ | IV. LISTENING | Answer the following questions | Text 1. New law to ban iPods on NY streets | Text 2. Human noise pollution a danger to sea life | Text 5. New Warnings For Video Games | Text 6. Microsoft Launches Bing Decision Engine |

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