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A) Study the definitions of the words with similar meanings and think about their proper Russian equivalents

  1. A quiet understanding smile. Hagen began to think things out. If he did not agree
  2. A) In what context do you think the following words and phrases will appear in the text?
  3. A) Match the words and their definitions
  4. A) Read and translate the text to know more about Sochi.
  5. A) Read the following news report and think of a suitable headline for it.
  6. A) Read the text about robots and find the information to answer the questions

1. historic / historical

historic - [adj]

important in history, or likely to be considered important at some time in the future

In London you can see a lot of areas of special architectural or historic interest.

historical - [adj]

connected with history or with the past; connected with history as a subject of study; used for describing someone or something as they really existed in the past; historicalresearch/evidence/ traditions / novel

Thepaintingdepictsanactualhistoricalevent.

Note:a historic event - an event which is well-remembered; a historical event - an event which took place in history.

2. leave / abandon

to leave - [v]

to go away from a person or a place

Theshipleftbeforedawn. My secretary has threatened to leave.

to abandon - [v]

to leave a person, especially someone you are responsible for; to go away from a place, especially because it is difficult or dangerous to stay there; to stop doing smth. or being involved in smth. because there are too many problems and it is impossible to continue; to leave something in a place, especially because you are in a hurry or are trying to escape

Hismotherabandonedhimwhenhewasfivedaysold. After 20 lessonsIfinallyabandonedmyattempttolearntodrive. Thestolencarwasabandonedonlyfivemilesaway.

3. coast / shore / beach / seaside

the coast - [n, singular]

an area of land beside a sea, used to talk about a country or a large part of a country

We were driving along the Californian coast, from San Francisco to LA. She lives in a small village on the south coast of England.

the shore - [n, singular]

the land along the edge of the sea or along the edge of the lake

We could see a boat about a mile fromthe shore. TheystayedinahotelontheshoreofLake Geneva.

a beach - [n, C]

an area of sand or small stones beside a sea or a lake

IlikethekindofholidaywhereIcansitonthebeachforaweekanddonothing.

the seaside - [n, singular]

a place by the sea, especially a holiday resort

When I was little we used to go to the seaside most weekends.

4. repair / fix / decorate / redecorate / renovate / restore / maintain / mend

to repair - [v]

to mend smth. that is broken or damaged

Littleseemstohavebeendonetorepairthebridges.

repairs - [n, C, usually plural]

work that is done to fix smth., an act or result of repairing smth.

Howmuchwilltherepairscost?

to fix - [v]

to repair smth. that is broken or not working properly, especially a machine

The radio isn't working - can youfix it? I have to get my car fixed.

to decorate - [v]

(BrE)to put paint or paper on the walls of a room

We decorated the kitchen last week.

to redecorate - [v]

to paint a room again or put new wallpaper on the walls

The paint on the wall in the cellar has chipped off, you should redecorate it.

to renovate - [v]

to make something old look new again by repairing and improving it, especially a building

The old hospital needs renovating.

to restore - [v]

to clean and repair something old and dirty or damaged so that it looks the same as it did originally

The church has now been beautifully restored.

to maintain - [v]

to make regular repairs to the building, road, vehicle etc. so that it stays in good condition

The house is large and difficult to maintain.

maintenance - [n, U]

regular work done to check and repair smth. so that it stays in good condition

Mr. White is responsible for the maintenance of the school buildings.

to mend - [v]

to repair smth. that is broken or not working, or smth. that has a hole in it

When are you going to mend the fence?

5. destroy / ruin / damage / harm / spoil / injure

to destroy - [v]

to damage smth. so badly that it cannot be repaired

The earthquake destroyedmuch of the city.

to ruin- [v]

to destroy or severely damage something so that it loses all its value, pleasure, etc.; to spoil something

You'll completely ruin the flowers if you touch them. They didn't want to be accused of ruining everyone's fun.

to damage - [v]

to cause physical harm to something, so that it no longer looks good or works properly; to have a bad effect on something, in a way that makes it weaker, less effective, or less successful; Synonym: to harm

Don't put any hot pans on the table - you'll damage the surface. The scandal will damage the company's reputation.

damage / harm - [n, U]

the serious problems that smth. causes for a person, organization etc.; to do harm / damage

If you keep criticizing children, it can do a lot of harm. Once the damage is done, even modern surgery can't undo it entirely.

to harm - [v]

to damage smth; to have a bad effect on something, in a way that makes it weaker, less effective, or less successful; Synonym: to damage

Too much direct sunlight will harm the plant.

If the peace talks fail, it will harm the President's chances of being re-elected.

to spoil- [v]

to affect something in a way that makes it worse, less attractive, or less enjoyable

Radio towers spoilt the view. Don't let him spoil your evening.

to injure - [v]

to cause physical harm to someone or to yourself, for example in an accident or an attack; to be injured

One of the players injured his knee and had to be carried off.

6. cause / reason

a cause (of) - [n, C]

a person, event, or thing that makes smth. happen

What was the cause of the fire? The doctor recorded the cause of death as heart failure.

a reason (for / why / that) - [n, C]

the cause or explanation for smth. that has happened or that someone has done; areason for / why / that

The only reason I went was that I wanted to meet your friends. What are your reasons for leaving the job?

b) Fill in the gaps choosing an appropriate word in the correct form:

1. historic / historical

1.Thecathedralisamajor__________monument.

2.Touristsliketovisit__________monumentssuchasStonehengeandWestminsterAbbey.

3. You must place these events in their__________context.



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VOCABULARY COMMENTARY I | II. Find English equivalents for the following Russian words and word combinations (pp. 6 - 7). | IV. Translate the following sentences into English using the active vocabulary of the text (pp. 6-7). | V. Translate the sentences from Russian into English using the active vocabulary (p.8). | VI. Translate the sentences from Russian into English using the active vocabulary (pp.8-9). | VII. a) Use character adjectives from the list to match their definitions (p.9). | VIII. Translate the sentences from Russian into English, based on the listening comprehension exercise on p. 9. | X. Translate into English using the correct prepositions (pp. 11-12). | The palace has been ________ to its former grandeur. | A) Blarney Castle |

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