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Find a job you like and you add five days to every week.

Module 1. CHOOSING A CAREER. JOBS AND EMPLOYMENT

Introduction
1. HOW DO YOU CHOOSE A CAREER? ....................................................................................
  1.1. ? "WORKING" VOCABULARY ....................................................................................................
  1.2. & — CHOOSING A CAREER ........................................................................................................
  1.3. & — CAREER AND PERSONALITY ............................................................................................
  1.4. & — THE 10 TOP STEPS FOR CHOOSING A CAREER .............................................................
  1.5. REVISION ..........................................................................................................................................
2. LOOKING FOR A JOB ...............................................................................................................
  2.1. ? WORK ............................................................................................................................................
  2.2. & — JOB-HUNTING .......................................................................................................................
  2.3. & — JOB SEARCH METHODS .....................................................................................................
  2.4. & — EXPERIENCE FIRST, MONEY SECOND ............................................................................
  2.5. REVISION ..........................................................................................................................................
3. APPLYING FOR A JOB ..............................................................................................................
  3.1. 9 LOOKING FOR AND APPLYING FOR A JOB .........................................................................
  3.2. ? WANT ADS ...................................................................................................................................
  3.3. ? HOW DOES A SELECTION PROCESS GO? .............................................................................
  3.4. ? GETTING READY FOR A JOB INTERVIEW ............................................................................
  3.5. — A JOB INTERVIEW .....................................................................................................................
  3.6. 9 GETTING AND KEEPING A JOB ..............................................................................................
  3.7. REVISION ..........................................................................................................................................
4. AT WORK .....................................................................................................................................
  4.1. ? CAREER AND PROMOTION ......................................................................................................
  4.2. ? COLLEAGUES AND ROUTINES ...............................................................................................
  4.3. REVISION ..........................................................................................................................................
5. THE EVERCHANGING WORKPLACE ..................................................................................
  5.1. & — REVOLUTION IN THE WORKPLACE ................................................................................
  5.2. & — THE CHANGING WORKPLACE ..........................................................................................
  5.3. REVISION ..........................................................................................................................................
6. GENDER ISSUES IN THE WORKPLACE ..............................................................................
  6.1. & — MEN VS WOMEN ..................................................................................................................
  6.2. 9 GENDER STEREOTYPES AT WORK .......................................................................................
  6.3. & — INEQUALITY AT WORK ......................................................................................................
  6.4. 9 GENDER DISCRIMINATION IN THE WORKPLACE AND AT HOME ................................
  6.5. & — BALANCING HOME AND WORK ......................................................................................
  6.6. REVISION ..........................................................................................................................................
7. CHECK YOURSELF ...................................................................................................................
Appendix 1. Cluster Diagram ............................................................................................................................. 72
Appendix 2. Vocabulary Word Map .................................................................................................................... 73
Appendix 3. Summary .......................................................................................................................................... 74
Appendix 4. Writing a Summary ......................................................................................................................... 75
Appendix 5. Presentation Signpost Expressions ................................................................................................. 78
Appendix 6. Presentations. Structure and Useful Phrases ................................................................................. 80
Appendix 7. Discourse Markers in Speech and in Writing ................................................................................. 82

 


Module 1. CHOOSING A CAREER. JOBS AND EMPLOYMENT

Choose a job you love, and you will never have to work a day in your life.

Confucius

Find a job you like and you add five days to every week.

H. Jackson Browne

INTRODUCTION

Task 1.Jobs are different.Being a student is also hard work. Do you enjoy it? Are you as scrupulous in your studying as the characters in the picture below? Should a person be so scrupulous at his workplace?

Task 2. Discuss the following questions with your group:

Task 3.Use the cluster diagram in Appendix 1 to brainstorm the ideas related to the topic of "Jobs and Employment". Compare your ideas with the group.
1. HOW DO YOU CHOOSE A CAREER?

? VOCABULARY PRACTICE

1.1. "WORKING" VOCABULARY

Task 1.Study the given vocabulary, translate it into Russian and make up your own sentence with each of the words in bold.

a careern

  1. a job or profession which one intends to follow with opportunities for advancement or promotion
  2. the general course of a person's working life: She spent most of her career as a teacher in London.

|| to choose a career; to make a career; the right career; to find a career

careeradj professional, intending to make a job one's career: He's a career soldier.

an occupationn

  1. a job, employment: What's your occupation?
  2. an activity that occupies a person's time: His favourite occupation is reading.
  3. an action of occupying: Part of the country was under enemy occupation.

occupationaladj connected with a person's job:

|| an occupational advice service; occupational diseases

to occupy v

  1. to live in or have possession of (a house, land): They occupy the house next door.
  2. to take possession of: The army occupied the enemy's capital.
  3. to keep oneself busy: occupy oneself (in); How does he occupy himself now he's retired?
  4. to hold: My sister occupies an important position in the Department of the Environment.

preoccupiedadj She is too preoccupied with her own thoughts.

a job n

  1. a regularly paid position or post: Thousands of workers lost their jobs when the factory closed.

|| a part-time job; a full-time job

  1. a piece of work, task or assignment: It was quite a job finding his flat.

|| to pay smb by the job; to do a fine job

  1. responsibility or a function: It's not my job to lock up.

|| to make the best of a bad job; to make a good job of smth; to be out of a job

jobless adj unemployed

the jobless n the unemployed: The government's scheme is designed to help the jobless.

to apply v

  1. to make a formal request: You should apply immediately, in person or by letter.

|| to apply for a job (post, passport, visa, position)

2. to use: to apply the ointment (the glue, etc.); to apply economic sanctions; to apply force: We must apply our minds to finding a solution. The results of this research can be applied to new developments in technology.

an applicant n

  1. a person who applies, esp. for a job: As the wages were low there were few applicants for the job.

|| a job applicant

  1. a person who takes entrance exams to a university or institute

an application n

  1. a formal request: We received 400 applications for the job.
  2. use: The new invention will have a lot of applications in our industry.

to employ v (ant to sack, to fire)

  1. to give work to smb: They've just employed five new workers.
  2. to make use of; to occupy (time, attention, etc.): You could employ your spare time better.

an employee n a person who works for smb or for a company: The manager sacked three employees.

an employer n a person or company that employs others: They're not good employers.

employment n

  1. an act of employing: The expansion of the factory will mean employment of more workers.

|| to be in/out of full-time employment

  1. an occupation.

|| to give employment to smb; to find employment; the government employment office; an employment agency (ant unemployment: unemployment rate; unemployment benefits; the unemployed n)

labour n

  1. physical or mental work: Workers are paid for their labour.
  2. pl a task, a piece of work: tired after one's labours
  3. workers as a group or class

|| skilled/unskilled labour; labour leaders = trade union leaders; a labour union = a trade union.

costly adj expensive: It would be too costly to repair the car.

|| a costly mistake

to search v

  1. to examine (a thing or a place): We searched around for hours, but couldn't find the book.
  2. to look at or go over smb: The police searched her for drugs.
  3. to find smth by searching: We've searched out some of your favourite toys.

a search n an act of searching: a search for a missing car;

|| to be in search of smb/smth: Scientists are in search for the cure of the disease.

complex adj

  1. made up of closely connected parts

|| a complex system (network, etc.); a complex sentence

  1. difficult to understand or explain

|| a complex argument (theory, subject, etc.)

complexity n

|| a problem of great complexity; the complexities of mathematics

a list n a series of names, items, figures, etc. written or printed

|| a shopping list; to make a list; to make a list of things one must do; to put smth/smb on the list; to take smth/smb off the list; a waiting list; to be on the danger list

to list v

  1. to make a list of smth

|| to list one's arrangements for the week

  1. to put smth on the list: The books are listed alphabetically.

Task 2.The list below contains words closely connected with the topic of work and employment. Some of the words have been discussed by you in Task 1. Make sure you know the difference between the meanings of these words.


· a vocation

· (un)employment

· a position

· a post


There is a saying: "Many people quit looking for work when they find a job." Does it make you smile? How is the humorous effect achieved?

Task 3. Choose the proper word:



Организация выполнения ремонтных работ. | A. occupation - job - work - career - position

Getting Started | CAREER AND PERSONALITY | Matching Personality to Career | Become broadly literate. | Be willing to change and adapt. | REVISION | LOOKING FOR A JOB | Unsocial hours; late shift; take a break; set up a business; bed and breakfast | JOB-HUNTING | JOB SEARCH METHODS |

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