BAKKER J. and WILSON S. (2001) Competitive abilities of invasive and native grasses. Plant Ecology, 157, 119-127. COOK C.W. (1943) A study of the roots of Bromus inermis in relation to drought resistance. Ecology, 24, 169-192.
COUPLAND R.T. and JOHNSON R.E. (1965) Rooting characteristics of native grassland species in Saskatchewan. Journal of Ecology, 53, 475-507. CULLEN B.R., CHAPMAN D.F. and QUIGLEY P.E. (2005) Carbon resource sharing and rhizome expansion of Phalaris aquatica in grazed pastures. Functional Plant Biology, 32, 79 -85. DACOSTA M., WANG Z. and HUANG B. (2004) Physiological adaptation of Kentucky bluegrass to localized soil drying. Crop Science, 44, 1307-1314. DEKEYSER S., CLAMBEY G., KRABBENHOFT K. and OSTENDORF J. (2009) Are changes in species composition on central North Dakota rangelands due to non-use management? Rangelands, 31, 16 -19. DEKEYSER S., MEEHAN M., SEDIVEC K. and LURA C. (2010) Potential management alternatives for invaded rangelands in the Northern Great Plains. Rangelands, 32, 26-31. DONG X., ZHANG X. and YANG B. (1997) A preliminary study on the water balance for some sandland shrubs based on the transpiration measurements in ﬁeld conditions. Acta Phytoecologica Sinica, 21, 208-225. DONG X., PATTON B.D., NYREN A.C., NYREN P.E. and PRUNTY L.D. (2010) Quantifying root water extraction by rangeland plants through soil water modeling. Plant and Soil, 335, 181-198. DONG X., PATTON B., NYREN P., LIMB R., CIHACEK L., KIRBY D. and DECKARD E. (2011) Leaf-water relations of a native and an invasive grass species in the mixed- grass prairie under cattle grazing. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research, 9, 311-331. ESMAEILI M.M., BONIS A., BOUZILLE ´ J.B., MONY C. and BENOT M.L. (2009) Consequence of ramet defoliation on plant clonal propagation and biomass allocation: example of ﬁve rhizomatous grassland species. Flora, 204, 25 -33. GIST G.R. and SMITH R.M. (1948) Root development of several common forage grasses to a depth of eighteen inches. Agronomy Journal, 40, 1036-1042. HESTERBERG T., MOORE D.S., MONAGHAN S., CLIPSON A. and EPSTEIN R. (2006) Bootstrap methods and permutation tests. In: Moore D.S. and McCabe G.P. (eds) Introduction to the practice of statistics, Chap 14, pp. 14.1-14.70. New York, USA: W. H. Freeman. HUANG B. and FU J. (2000) Photosynthesis, respiration, and carbon allocation of two cool-season perennial grasses in response to surface soil drying. Plant and Soil, 227, 17 -26. JIANG Y. and HUANG B. (2001) Osmotic adjustment and root growth associated with drought preconditioning- enhanced heat tolerance in Kentucky bluegrass. Crop Science, 41, 1168-1173. KINMONTH-SCHULTZ H. and KIM S.H. (2011) Carbon gain, allocation and storage in rhizomes in response to elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide and nutrient supply in a perennial C3 grass, Phalaris arundinacea. Functional Plant Biology, 38, 797-807. MOORE D.S. and MCCABE G.P. (2006) Nonparametr
Introduction to the practice of statistics, Chap 15, 5th edn. pp. 15.1-15.40. New York, USA: W. H. Freeman. MURPHY R.K. and GRANT T.A. (2005) Land management history and ﬂoristics in mixed-grass prairie, North Dakota, USA. Natural Areas Journal, 25, 351-358. PERKINS S.R. and OWENS M.K. (2003) Growth and biomass allocation of shrub and grass seedlings in response to predicted changes in precipitation seasonality. Plant Ecology, 168, 107-120. PETERSON L.A., NEWMAN R.C. and SMITH D. (1979) Rooting depth of Kentucky bluegrass sod as measured by N absorption. Agronomy Journal, 71, 490-492. REECE P.E., NIXON J.S., MOSER L.E. and WALLER S.S. (2002) Seasonal dynamics of prairie sandreed rhizome
development. Journal of Range Management, 55, 182- 187. SALA O.E., PARTON W.J., JOYCE L.A. and LAUENROTH W.K. (1988) Primary production of the central grassland region of the United States. Ecology, 69, 40 -45. SEDIVEC K.K., TOBER D.A. and BERDAHL J. (2001) Grass varieties for North Dakota. Fargo, North Dakota: NDSU- Extension Service, North Dakota State University. SMITH M.D. and KNAPP A.K. (2001) Physiological and morphological traits of exotic, invasive exotic, and native plant species in tallgrass prairie. International Journal of Plant Science, 162, 785-792. TAYLOR J.R. (1982) An introduction to error analysis. A series of books in physics. Mill Valley, CA: University Science Books.
Abstract | Materials and methods | Results | Background | Sustainable intensiﬁcation - changing paradigm in forage production | Global grasslands under threat | Land-use changes in the steppe ecosystem of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, P.R. China | Land-use change in the tropical savannah (Cerrado) of South America | Sustainable intensiﬁcation of dairy farming - the speciﬁc role of grassland- based forage production | References |