Occasionally, simple and witty statements, though not poetical, may also be considered epigrams, such as those attributed to Oscar Wilde: «I can resist everything except temptation.» «The only way to get rid of a temptation is to yield to it.»
4) A quotation, also called a quote, is a fragment of a human expression, written or oral, which has been inserted into another human expression. This latter type of quotation is almost always taken from literature, though speech transcripts, film dialogues, and song lyrics are also common and valid sources.
E.g. The wisdom of the wise, and the experience of ages, may be preserved by quotation (Isaac D'Israeli, Curiosities of Literature: Quotation).
A typical, and perhaps ideal, quotation is usually short, concise and commonly only one sentence long. There are two broad categories which most quotations fall into, beauty and truth, although some quotations fit equally well into both these groups. 'Beautiful' quotations are words remembered for their aesthetically pleasing use of language, whereas many other quotations are remembered because they are thought to express some universal truth. These latter quotations are often called maxims or aphorisms and they are highly regarded for being pithy renderings of ideas that most people have but most have not been able to express so clearly. A third type of quotation may be any line which merely reminds the person who quotes it of a particularly memorable work, sometimes making a subtle comparison to the situation or topic at hand.
|Beauty||«Season of mists and mellow fruitfulness, Close bosom-friend of the maturing sun;» Ode To Autumn, John Keats|
|Truth||«Authority is never without hate.» Ion, Euripides|
|Memorable||«Abandon all hope, ye who enter here.» Inferno III, 9, Dante Alighieri (Inscribed above the gates of Hell.)|
|Inspirational||«The man who lives for himself is a failure; the man who lives for others has achieved true success.» Norman Vincent Peale|
Familiar colloquial style | Publicist (media) style | The style of official documents | Stylistics of the author and of the reader. | Essential concepts of decoding stylistic analysis and types of foregrounding | Stylistics and Pragmatics | Pragmatics and the Speech Act Theory | The Constituents of Pragmatics | Pragmatics. Rhetoric. Stylistics | Stylistic Variation and Pragmatics |