A.Give the correct form of the verbs in brackets:
Model: The teacher usually (come) to school early. - The teacher usually comes to school early.
I (use, not) my computer regularly. - I do not use my computer regularly.
Mister Joice (publish) his books in the local edition? - Does Mister Joice publish his books in the local edition?
1. Any living system (exist, not) in isolation.
2. A great ship (ask) deep water.
3. In industrial societies people (spend) more and more time in enclosed areas.
4. Pink (influence) children's behavior positively.
5. How often governments (organize) census? - Not so often. Any state (organize) census every 8-10 years.
6. Today the most famous opera singer (be) A. Saffino. He (sing) in the Italian Opera.
B.Agree or disagree with the following sentences:
Model: The Earth goes around the Moon. - The Earth does not go round the Moon. The Moon goes round the Earth.
1. The Sun sets in the East.
2. Water is a solid substance.
3. Blacksmiths make things from wood.
4. The Dvina flows into the Black Sea.
5. Russians celebrate New Year in summer.
6. The name of our galaxy is Sirius.
C.Translate the following into English:
1. Багато англійці мають власність в Іспанії і їдуть туди на зиму.
2. Учасники отримують доступ до бази даних всіх матеріалів.
3. Ви часто їздите на конференції за кордон?
4. Я не вчу французьку, я вчу іспанську.
5. Китайці винайшли порох в 9 столітті.
6. Близько мільйона німців проживає в Канаді.
Read and translate the following text.
Harlem is a large neighborhood within the northern section of the New York City borough of Manhattan. Since the 1920s, Harlem has been known as a major African-American residential, cultural and business center. Originally a Dutch village, formally organized in 1658, it is named after the city of Haarlem in the Netherlands. Harlem's history has been defined by a series of economic boom-and-bust cycles, with significant population shifts accompanying each cycle. Black residents began to arrive en masse in 1905 with numbers fed by the Great Migration. In the 1920s and 1930s, Central and West Harlem were the focus of the "Harlem Renaissance", an outpouring of artistic work without precedent in the American black community. However, with job losses in the time of the Great Depression and the deindustrialization of New York City after World War II, rates of crime and poverty increased significantly.
Since New York City's revival in the late 20th century, Harlem has been experiencing social and economic gentrification. However, Harlem still suffers from many social problems. Large portions of the population receive a form of income support from the government-with West, Central, and East Harlem respectively at 34.9%, 43.3%, and 46.5% of the population. Though the percentage of residents who are black peaked in 1950 the area remains predominantly black.
Founded in the 17th century as a Dutch military outpost, Harlem became successively a farming village, a revolutionary battlefield, an industrial suburb, a commuter town, an American ghetto, and a world renowned center of African-American culture. Black Harlem has always been religious. The area is home to over 400 churches. Major Christian denominations include Baptists, Pentecostals, Methodists (generally African Methodist Episcopalian, or "AME"), Episcopalians, and Roman Catholic. The Abyssinian Baptist Church has been a particularly potent organization, long influential because of its large congregation, and recently wealthy because its extensive real estate holdings. The Allah School in Mecca also lies in Harlem, which is the headquarter of the The Nation of Gods and Earths, better known as the Five Presenters. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints established a chapel at 128th Street in 2005.
G. Jonatham. Harlem: The Four Hundred Year History from Dutch Village to Capital of Black America
Reading Comprehension Questions.
1. Where is Harlem situated?
2. How has Harlem been known since the 1920-s?
3. When was the period of crime and poverty increasing in the USA?
4. What kind of national group is predominant in Harlem?
5. What was the original function of Harlem?
6. What is the main source of income for most of the population in Harlem?
7. When was the peak of the Black people group arriving?
8. When did the Dutch found Harlem?
9. What religious groups are there in Harlem?
10. There are no Muslims, are there?
A.Give your own explanation to the following words and word combinations. Check your ideas with a dictionary.
1. economic boom-and-bust cycles
3. black community
5. Great Depression
6. economic gentrification
7. military outpost
8. industrial suburb
10. Christian denomination
B.Word formation. Use verb-building techniques.
Model: population - populate.
C.Write 10 sentences to describe your hometown or your neighborhood.