No two learners will be alike in any class. Research has shown that not only do we all learn in different ways, we also have multiple intelligences (Gardiner). Studies that some of us are auditory learners who need to hear the language and listen, others are visual learners who have to see and visualize before understanding and feeling confident enough to try it out, while still others can only learn through doing, the kinesthetic learner.
Auditory learners like if new pieces of information and instructions are presented in a spoken way. For them it is much more important what their teachers say and what their teachers write on the board. If they want to understand a problem, they usually have to say the problem aloud. Although auditory types of people like listening to what other people say and speak, they need certain calm conditions to be able to communicate, otherwise they become nervous and sometimes aggressive. Approximately a quarter of population prefers auditory simulation.
Fifty percent of the population prefers the visual way of acquiring new information. Such students remember best everything what they can see. Teachers have to use enough texts, pictures, videos, etc. Visual types of people have to imagine the texts and pictures in their minds and therefore they need enough time and space for communicating their thoughts. They often move when they speak and they do not usually look directly at the person they are speaking to. It is caused by the fact that they need to avoid all the distracting elements in their surroundings. On the other hand, visual types of people are every good in creative thinking and they have many interesting ideas and opinions.
The last remarkable group of people are people preferring a kinesthetic type of simulation. For these people it is crucial to experience the feeling of motion. Not only motion is important for them, but also emotions in general. These people are very sensitive, although they can look like being completely insensitive as far as other people are concerned because they are focused on their own feelings and emotions. Teachers should offer these people enough opportunities to move as motion is what makes them relaxed and calm.
The Chinese expression "I hear- I know; I see- I understand; I do- I remember" shows that to meet the needs of all three is to make it a memorable experience for all. But it doesn't end there.
Our intelligences profiles add another dimension. These consist of combinations of eight different primary intelligence types:
interpersonal - the way we relate to each other;,
intrapersonal - our ability to self-evaluate, and the naturalist (Berman, 1995).
This should not be seen as a problem, but rather as a distinct advantage when thinking of activities to introduce to practice language and the four skills. For example; logical - mathematical intelligences like number and sequence, puzzles, problems to solve.
Characteristics of a young learner | Teaching grammar to young learners | Teaching vocabulary to young learners | Questions for discussion and practical tasks | Teaching reading to young learners | Teaching listening to young learners | Formation of the basics of intercultural communication | Tips for writing lesson plans | Knowledge. | Evaluation. |