1. XV. . . .
  2. ,

. ճ '

1. , . , ':


1.1. Zn2+, Sr2+, ²-(. . = 4);

1.2. Hg2+, Mg2+, l-(. . = 4);

1.3. +, Fe3+, CN- (K. . = 6);

1.4. Na+, Be2+, ²-(. . = 4);

1.5. K+, Pt2+, l-(. . = 4);

1.6. Na+, Hg2+, I-(. . = 4);

1.7. +, u3+, l-(. . = 4);

1.8. Rb+, Cu2+, l- (. . = 4);

1.9. 2+, Al3+, F- (. . = 6);

1.10. +, 3+, ²- (. . = 6);

1.11. Na+, Al3+, ²-(. . = 6);

1.12. Cs+, Bi3+, I-(. . = 4);

1.13. 2+g2+, I- (. . = 4);

1.14. Mg2+, Hg2+, CN-(. . = 4);

1.15. Zr4+, K+, F-(K. . = 6);

1.16. Na+, 2+, l-(. . = 4);

1.17. Ca2+, Ni2+, CN-(K. . = 4);

1.18.Ca2+, Fe3+, CN-(. . = 6);

1.19. Zn2+, H2O, l-(. . = 4);

1.20.Cd2+, Sr2+, OH-(. . = 4)


H+, Cu+, l-(. . = 2).

Cu2+, SO42, NH3 (. . = 4).

H+, Ag+, N-(. . = 2).

Zn2+, OH-, NH3(. . = 4).

H+, Si4+, F-(. . = 6).

Ge4+, Na+, ²-(. . = 6).

Be2+, H2O, NO3-(. . = 4)

Zn2+, SO42, NH3 (K. . = 4).

Ag+, NH3 , NO3-(. . = 2).

Rb+, Pd2+, Br- (. . = 4).

Ni2+, OH ", NH3(. . = 4).

K+, Fe3+, CN- (. . = 6).

Cd2+, OH-, NH3(. . = 4).

Na+, Si4+, F-(. . = 6).

K+, Sn2+, ²-(. . = 4).

K+, Al3+, ²-(. . = 6).

Na+, Cu2+, OH-(. . = 4)

. K+, Mn2+, l-(. . = 4).

K+, Fe3+, F-(. . = 6).

Au3+, H+, Cl-(. . = 4)


2. :

2.1. AgNO3+ NH3= ... (. . = 2)

Hg (SCN)2+ NH4SCN = ... (. . = 4).

2.2. ()2+ NaOH = ... (. . = 4);
Cu (OH)2+ NH3= ... (. . = 4).

2.3. Pb (N3)2 + NaOH + H2O = ... (. . = 6);
NiBr2+ NaBr = ... (. . = 4).

2.4. HgI2+ KI = ... (. .. = 4);
1 ()3+ = ... (. . = 6).

2.5. Be (OH)2+ HNO3+ H2O = ... (. . = 4);
CuCN + NaCN = ... (. . = 2).

2.6. Zn (OH)2+ NaOH = ... (. .. = 4);

Cu (OH)2+ NH3= ... (. . = 4);

2.7. SnCl2+ NaOH + H2O = ... (. . = 6)

CoC12+ NH4OH = ... (. .. = 6);

2.8. Ga (OH)3+ NaOH = ... (. . = 6).

Ga (OH)3+ HNO3+ H2O = ... (. . = 6).

2.9. Sn (OH)2+ NaOH = .. (. . = 4)

Pb (OH)2+ HNO3 + H2O = ... (. . = 4).

2.10. SiF4 + HF = ... (. .. = 6);

AgNO3+ NH3= ... (. . = 2).

2.11. NiBr2+ NaBr = ... (. . = 4);

Cu (OH)2+ NH3= ... (. . = 4).

2.12. A1 (OH)3+ KOH = ... (. = 6);

A12O3+ HC1 + H2O = ... (. . = 6).

2.13. Cr (OH)3+ 1 + 2 = ... (. . = 6);
b ()2+ = ... (. . = 4).

2.14. In (OH)3+ NaOH + 2 = ... (. . = 6);
CuSO4+ NH3= ... (. . = 4).

2.15. ZnSO4+ NaOH + H2O = ... (. . = 4);
ZnO + HNO3+ 2 = ... (. . = 4).

2.16. Cd (CN)2+ NaCN = ... (. = 4);

Zn (OH)2+ HNO3+ 2 = ... (. = 4).

2.17. Cr (NO3)3 + NaOH + H2O = ... (. . = 6);
BiI3+ NaI = ... (. . = 4).

2.18. Ni (OH)2+ HNO3+ 2 = ... (. . = 6);
1l3+ NaOH + H2O = ... (. = 6).

2.19. Ga (OH)3+ NaOH = ... (. . = 6).

BiI3+ KI = ... (. . = 4).

2.20. Be (OH)2+ HNO3+ H2O = ... (. . = 4);

Co (OH)2+ NH3= ... (. . = 4);

3. - .

3.1. Zn + NaOH + NaNO3= NH3+ ...;. . . Zn (II) = 4.

3.2. Zn + NaOH + H2O = H2+ ...; . . Zn (II) = 4.

3.3. + HNO3+ HF = NO + ...; . . (V) = 7.

3.4. Al + NaF + NaNO2+ H2O = N2+ ....; . . Al (III) = 6.

3.5. Ag + Na2S2O3+ H2O + O2= ...; . . Ag (I) = 2.

3.6. Ga + NaOH + H2O + O2= ...; . . Ga (III) = 6.

3.7. SnCl2+ HNO3+ HC1 = NO + ...; . . Sn (IV) = 6.

3.8. u + 1 + O2= ...; . . Cu (II) = 4.

3.9. Zn + NaCIO + NaOH = l- + ...; . . Zn (II) = 4.

3.10. K2[Sn (OH)4] + KOH + Bi (NO3)3= Bi + ...; . . Sn (IV) = 6.

3.11. Co (OH)2+ NH3+ H2O + 2= ...; . . Co (III) = 6.

3.12. Al + NaOH + NaNO2+ H2O = NH3+ ....; . . Al (III) = 6.

3.13. Be + NaOH + Br2= Br-+ ...;. . . Be (II) = 4.

3.14. Zn + NH4OH + H2O = H2+ ...; . . Zn (II) = 4.
3.15. Au + KCN + H2O + O2= ...; . . u (1) = 2.

3.16. Pt + HNO3+ HCI = NO + ...; . . Pt (IV) = 6.

3.17. K4[Fe (CN) 6] + KMnO4+ H2SO4= Mn2++ ...; . . Fe (III) = 6.

3.18. K2[Sn (OH)4] + KOH + Br2= Br- + ...; . . Sn (IV) = 6.

3.19. Nb + HNO3+ HF = NO + ...; . . Nb (V) = 7

3.20. Cu + NH4OH = Cu2++ ..... . . Cu (II) = 4

4. .

4.1. 0,1
[Ag (NH3)2] NO3, 1 / NH3.

4.2. , 0,5 0,1 Na3[Ag (S2O3)2], ,
, 0,1 / ..

4.3. 0,1

2[Cd (CN)4], , , 0,1 / .

4.4. 0,08
[Ag (NH3)2] NO3, 4 / ?

4.5. 0,003 1 0,5
KCN. Ni2+, CN-,
[Ni (CN)4]2.

4.6. Zn2+, [Zn (CN)4]2, CN- ,
0,5 Zn (NO3)2 0,5 0,5 NaCN.

4.7. I M
.

4.8. Ag2SO4 ?
³ .

4.9. 0,1
K2[HgJ4] , 1 0,1
.

4.10. r13 62 0,5 .
,
, ', .
, ,
', .

4.11. u2+ 0,01
, 0,1 / KCN.

4.12. 0,01
() .
2 ?

4.13. (II) 0,2 1
.
.

4.14. 0,001 , K2[Cu (CN)4] [Cu (NH3)4] SO4,
? ³ .

4.15. , 0,01 / Zn2+, Zn (OH)2 [Zn (OH)4]2 14?

4.16. [Ag (CN)2]- 1,4 * 10-20 .
0,05 K [Ag (CN)2],
, , 0,01 KCN .

4.17. [Cd (CN)4]2 7,8 * 10-18.
0,1 K2[Cd (CN)4],
0,1 KCN .

4.18. [Ag (S2O3)2]3 3,5 * 10-14.
1 0,1
Na3[Ag (S2O3)2], , , 25 Na2S2O3* 5 2.

4.19. [Ag (NH3)2]+ 5,7 * 10-8.
0,08 [Ag (NH3)2] NO3,
, , 0,8 .
1
AgCl? PAgCl= 1,8 * 10 -10.

4.20. 0,05 K2[Ag (CN)3],
, , 0,05 KCN?
[Ag (CN)3]2 2,8 * 10-21.



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