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Operating Systems Windows and Linux

  1. Classification by operating voltage
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  3. Economic Systems
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  5. Expert Systems
  6. Learning About Operating Systems

Remember the following words and word combinations.

1. kernel - ядро

2. comprehensive - універсальний, комплексний

3. extendible - розширюваний

4. conform, v - відповідати

5. port, v - переносити

6. predominance - панування

7. swipe, v - зрушити (активний екран)

8. built-in support - вбудована підтримка

Read and translate the text.

Text 2


Linux is a Unix-like operating system that was designed to provide personal computer users a free or very low-cost operating system comparable to traditional and usually more expensive Unix systems. Linux has a reputation as a very efficient and fast-performing system. Linux's kernel was developed by Linus Torvalds at the University of Helsinki in Finland. To complete the operating system, Torvalds and other team members made use of system components developed by members of the Free Software Foundation for the GNU Project.

Linux is a remarkably complete operating system, including a graphical user interface, an X Window System, TCP / IP, the Emacs editor, and other components usually found in a comprehensive Unix system.

Unlike Windows and other proprietary systems, Linux is publicly open and extendible by contributors. Because it conforms to the Portable Operating System Interface standard user and programming interfaces, developers can write programs that can be ported to other operating systems. Linux comes in versions for all the major microprocessor platforms including the Intel, PowerPC, Sparc, and Alpha platforms.

Linux is sometimes suggested as a possible publicly-developed alternative to the desktop predominance of Microsoft Windows. Although Linux is popular among users already familiar with Unix, it remains far behind Windows in numbers of users. However, its use in the business enterprise is growing.

Exercise 8. Read and translate the text choosing the right word. | Exercise 1. Answer the following questions.

Exercise 1. Answer the following questions. | Exercise 3. Match the words which are very close in their meaning. | SOFTWARE | Types of Software and their Licensing | Exercise 6. Use the prepositions or phrases given below to fill in the gaps. Not all of them can be used. | Exercise 7. Translate the following text in a written form. Use a dictionary if necessary. | Operating System | Categories of OS | Exercise 1. Answer the following questions. | Exercise 4. Match the terms on the right with their definitions on the left. |

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