A crime is an illegal act which may result in prosecution and punishment by the state if the accused (= the person or people charged with a crime) is / are convicted (= found guilty in a court of law). Generally, in order to be convicted of a crime, the accused must be shown to have committed an illegal (= unlawful) act with a criminal state of mind.
Look at the list of crimes in the box, then look at the categories below. Decide which category each one comes under, and write the crime in the appropriate space in the table.
Some crimes can be listed under more than one category. One of the words / expressions in the list is not a crime.
|1. abduction 2. actual bodily harm 3. aiding and abetting (= assisting) an offender 4. arson 5. assault 6. battery 7. being equipped to steal 8. bigamy 9. blackmail 10. breach of the Official Secrets Act 11. breaking and entering 12. bribery 13. burglary 14. careless or reckless driving 15. committing a breach of the peace 16. conspiracy 17. contempt of court 18. criminal damage (vandalism, and sometimes also hooliganism) 19. deception or fraud in order to obtain property, services or pecuniary advantage 20. driving without a licence or insurance 21. drug dealing 22. drunk in charge / drink driving 23. embezzlement 24. espionage 25. forgery 26. grievous bodily harm 27. handling stolen goods 28. indecency 29. indecent assault 30. infanticide 31. manslaughter 32. misuse of drugs 33. money laundering 34. murder 35. obscenity 36. obstruction of the police 37. paedophilia 38. perjury 39. perverting the course of justice 40. piracy 41. possessing something with intent to damage or destroy property 42. possessing weapons 43. racial abuse 44. rape 45. robbery 46. sedition 47. suicide 48. terrorism 49. theft 50. treason 51. unlawful assembly 52. wounding|
|Crimes against the person|
|Crimes against property|
|Public order offences|
|Road traffic offences|
|Offences against justice|
Unit I Law and Order | Imagine that you are a member of the court trial. Introduce yourself and describe your responsibilities | Look at the two opinions below. Which one do you most agree with? | CASE STUDY | Listening | Listen to Part 2 | Unstable situation Discrepancy - the difference between two things | Now use the words to fill in the gaps on the next page. Use one pair of words for each question. | R v Gomez  AC 442, HL | Esso Petroleum Company Ltd v Mardon  QB 1, CA |