Words for the lecture: notional, process, controversy, finitude, composite, manifold, a complement, a supplement, transitive, intransitive, action, ingressive verbs, durative valence, an adjunct, estimation, a stretch of speech, exclusion, a temporal category, absolute time, a tense, non-absolute relative time, primary time, prospective time, temporal, aspective meaning, continuous aspect, perfect aspect, indefinite aspect, an inflexion, oppositional approach, timing of the process, motion in development, to coordinate, in retrospect, subsequent, to reflect, a retrospective category, successive, inherent, sequence, conjugated, contextual, active voice, passive voice, verbids, verbals, the infinitive, the gerund, the present participle, the past participle, the category of finitude, primary predication, secondary predication, regular, irregular verbs, a verbal predicate, the marker "to", a categorical paradigm, a substantival unit, an absolute participle construction, to expose, intermediary, conjugation, an adjust, dual, triple causality
1. A general outline of the verb as a part of speech.
2. Classification of verbs.
3. The category of person.
4. The category of number.
5. The category of tense.
6. The category of aspect.
7. The category of temporal correlation.
8. The category of voice and mood.
9. The infinitive and its properties. The categories of the infinitive.
10. The gerund and its properties. The categories of gerund. The notion of half-gerund.
11. The present participle, the past participle, and their properties.
1. A General Outline of the Verb as a Part of SpeechThe verb is the most complex part of speech. This is due to the central role it performs in realizing predication - connection between the situation given in the utterance and reality. That is why the verb is of primary informative significance in the utterance. Besides, the verb possesses a lot of grammatical categories.
Semantic features of the verb. The verb possesses the grammatical meaning of verbiality - the ability to denote a process developing in time. This meaning is inherent not only in the verbs denoting processes, but also in those denoting states, forms of existence, evaluations, etc.
Morphological features of the verb. The verb possesses the following grammatical categories: tense, aspect, voice, mood, person, number, finitude and temporal correlation. The common categories for finite and non-finite forms are voice, aspect, temporal correlation and finitude.
2. Classification of Verbs . Morphological classifications1. According to their stem-types all verbs fall into:
simple (to control),
sound-replacive (food - to feed, blood - to bleed),
stress-replacive ('present - to pre'sent, 'record - to re'cord),
expanded - built with the help of suffixes and prefixes (overload, undergo), composite - correspond to composite nouns (to blackmail),
phrasal (to have a smoke, to take a look).
2. According to the way of forming past tenses and Participle II verbs can be regular and irregular.
Lecture 1 | Activity 5 The English Lexicon | Activity 7 English Extends Across the World | Basic part | The Classification of Words in Post-Structural Traditional Grammar | Pronoun | Noun and Its Categories. | The Problem of Gender in English | A general outline of the adjective | The Particle |