W .: Good evening, Tom. Good evening Mr. Smith.
S .: Good evening, Tom. Good evening Mr. Wilson. Mr. Edison is
experimenting with a microscope. All his interest is there.
Would you mind walking around for a while looking at Mr.
W .: With pleasure.
S .: In a few minutes dinner will be brought. We usually eat our
dinner here. Do not you mind? W .: Certainly not.
S .: The dinner is ready. Let Mr. Edison know you are here.
W .: Shall we eat, Tom? But he does not answer.
S .: He is busy working with his microscope.
W .: But I am quite hungry. Tom, the food looks good, and it is
S .: You see, Mr.Edison never stops working for a second till he
is satisfied with what he is doing. W .: Then let's sit down and eat.
Two hours later Mr.Wilson and Smith finished eating and left the laboratory
Ed. (Entering the laboratory): Oh, I am hungry. If those dishes were
not empty, I'd say I've had no dinner tonight. Exercise 4.Speak about:
1. Electricity itanature history and development.
2. Applications of electricity cover all fields of human activity.
Use exercises 1,2, as well as the following words and word combinations for your topic: it is difficult to imagine; applications such as; completely; to replace; to come into wide use; to double every ten years; to be an indicator; the latest technological advances. Exercise 5.Read and smile:
A young doctor, the son of a well-known professor of medicine, proudly (з гордістю) told his father one day: "Imagine, dad! I've cured (вилікувати) that lady that has been your patient for ten years".
"She deserved (заслужити) it. It was she who had paid for vour studies," his father replied.
"Where did the car hit him?", Asked the coroner (слідчий). "At the junction (стик, перехрестя) of the dorsal and cervial vertebrae (спинних і шийних хребців)", answered the doctor. A big man rose from his seat. "Listen, I've lived in these parts for fifty years", he protested, "and I've never heard of this place."
Прочитайте текст. Дайте відповідь на питання, чому Едісон сказав: "Do not watch the clock".
A Great Citizen of the World
Every day many people visited Thomas A.Edison's laboratories in Orange, New Jersey. Some of them were young inventors who went to study, but many more of them were tourists. They came from all parts of the US and from other countries as well.
One day a very important citizen from England visited Edison's factories, taking with him his young son.eight years old. They spent many hours in great workshops, looking at hundreds of useful inventions.
Before leaving the laboratories the man went to the office of the main building. Giving his card to the person in charge, he asked: "May I speak to Mr.Edison, please?". The man looked at the card and then answered: "Wait a minute, I'll see". Soon he returned and said: "Come this way, please. Mr.Edison will see you."
The father and his son went into the great inventor's workroom. "Mr.Edison", said the Englishman, "I brought my young son here to see what the world's greatest citizen has done. I want this day to help him all his life. Will you please shake hands with him and say something that he
will remember? "
Mr. Edison took the boy's hand. He laid his other hand on the child's shoulder and looked into his eyes. "My boy", he said, "do not watch the
In 1928 Mr. Edison was eighty-one years old, but he still worked
sixteen hours a day.
Прочитайте текст. Розкажіть по-англійськи про переваги сонячної енергії в якості джерела електрики.
Solar Light by Night Most people living in towns consider it a usual thing that streets are lit at night. But street lights need a power supply (джерело енергії) therefore distant areas with no source of electricity remain in darkness until the sun comes up again.
With new appliances now offered by several British firms, many distant places could be lit with solar-powered street lights. It may seem strange that the lamps can use the power of the sun which shines by day when the lamps are needed at night, but they work by using energy accumulated during the day from a solar panel. The solar panel produces electricity which charges (заряджати) a battery. When the sun goes down the battery power is then used for lighting. Each lamp has its own panel so the system can be used for one individual light or a number of them.
In the south of Saudi Arabia a motorway tunnel miles from any power supply is lit day and night by solar-powered devices. The solar panels provide power during the day and charge batteries which accumulate enough power to light the tunnel at night. The generation of electricity oy batteries is still expensive but the advantage of sun-powered lamps is that they can bring light to areas distant from any other power supply.
There is one more advantage of solar power: not only it is unlimited, but also its use does not pollute the environment. That is why it is very important to develop devices which make it possible to transform solar power into mechanical or electric forms of power.
Прочитайте текст. Знайдіть інформацію про найбільш перспективні джерела енергії та про основні відмінності нетрадиційних джерел енергії від традиційних. Викладіть основний зміст тексту по-англійськи.
Non-traditional Renewable Sources of Energy
It is known that much is being done in the world today for the development of non-traditional sources of energy. Without them the Earth can not support its present population of 5 billion people and probably 8 billion people in the 21-st century.
Now we are using traditional power sources, that is, oil, natural gas, coal and water power with the consumption of more than 50 billion barrels per year. It is evident that these sources are not unlimited.
That is why it is so important to use such renewable sources of energy as the sun, wind, geothermal energy and others. Research is being carried out in these fields.
One of the most promising (перспективний) research is the development of power stations with direct transformation of solar energy into electricity on the basis of photoeffect. It was Russia that was the first in the world to develop and test a photoelectric battery of 32,000 volts and effective area of ??only 0.5 sq.m., which made it possible to concentrate solar radiation. This idea is now being intensively developed in many countries.
However, the efficiency of a solar power station is considerably reduced because of the limited time of its work during the year. But it is possible to
improve the efficiency of solar power stations by developing different combinations of solar power stations and traditional ones - thermal, atomic and hydraulic. Today some engineers are working at the problem of developing electric power stations with the use of a thermal-chemical cycle. It will operate on products of the transformation of solar energy, whereas the "solar" chemical reactor uses C02 and water steam of the thermal power station. The result is that we have a closed cycle.
In Kamchatka there are geothermal power stations operating on hot water-steam mixture from the depths of about a kilometre. In some projects water will be heated by the warmth of mountains at a depth of four - five km.
It is planned that plants working on the energy of the solar heat provided by the sun will be built on a larger scale.
That different wind energy plants are being developed is also well-known. These energy plants can be small (of several kilowattes) and large powerful systems.
It is important that all these advances in developing new sources of energy and improving the old ones help to solve the energy problem as a whole and they do not have negative effects on the environment.
Додаткові підрядні речення
Текст 4А. Television
Текст 4В. Telegraph
Текст 4С. Telephone
Текст 4D. Talking via Space
Вправа 1. Повторіть часи груп Indefinite, Continuous, Perfect. Поставте дієслова в дужках в відповідну форму:
At the time I first (meet) Mr. Allen in 1990, he (consider) the possibility of studying foreign languages ??again. He (forget) everything that he (learn) about Latin and French at school. The languages ??that he (want) (learn) at that time (be) Spanish and Portuguese. He (to be going) to study those languages ??in the Department of General Education at New York University. Therefore, he (enrol) that school in тисяча дев'ятсот дев'яносто-один.
After my friend (finish) studying at New York University he (decide) (go) to South America for a year. Because he (be, never) there before, he (enjoy) visiting the famous cities of Brazil and Argentina. He liked Sao Paulo so much that he (consider) staying there much longer. Before that time he (hope, always) to find a place with an ideal climate. Therefore, Sao Paulo (seem) to be a real paradise (рай). However, he (spend) all his money and (to be forced) to return.
Now my friend Mr. Allen (plan) (visit) France next year. He (leave) for Paris on March 15. Mr. Allen (visit) also Germany on the same trip.He realizes that he must (learn) French and German before he (go) to Europe. At present he (take) a course in French in preparation for the trip. He (think) that French (be) quite easy.Of course he (be, never) in France before, so he (have) little opportunity to hear French. He (work) very hard at his French every day. He (studv) German at New York University next
Text 2C, Ecological Problems of Big Cities Text 2D. London, its History and Development | Прочитайте текст і дайте відповідь, які заходи необхідні для успішного вирішення проблеми захисту навколишнього середовища в глобальному масштабі. Переведіть. | Прочитайте текст. Розкажіть по-англійськи про результати дослідження, проведеного Всесвітньою організацією охорони здоров'я. | Прочитайте текст. Розкажіть по-англійськи про визначні пам'ятки сучасного Лондона. | Text 3D. Non-traditional Renewable Sources of Energy | Він написав статтю про свою роботу. 3. Мене запитали, чи зробив я свою | Notes to the Text | Упражненіе18. Знайдіть синоніми і антоніми:. | He read all the books about sound that he could find and started to work on some of his own experiments. | TEXT 4D |