(To Units One-Three)
1. a) Comment at »the use of the Present Indefinite and the Present Continuous:
i. I'm glad to know that you are coming to England this summer. 2. Your teeth are chattering. What's the matter with you? 3.1 am always telling Jerry that his uncle means more to him than his parents. 4. Anne is working hard for her exams now, she could not take them in spring. 5. Hotels on the south coast are expensive. 6. Do you hear anything? - Yes, I hear music. 7. We may visit you and stay with you next year if it is convenient to you then. 8.1 believe he'll be much stronger after he spends his holidays in the mountains.
b) Use the Present Indefinite or the Present Continuous instead of the infinitives in brackets:
1.What you (to think) of this drawing? - I (to think) it (to be) excellent. 2. A holiday camp usually (to have) its own swimming-pool and tennis courts. 3. She (to play) at the concert tonight. 4. You (to like) to spend your holidays with hundreds of other people? 5. What you (to listen) to? - It (to seem) to me I (to hear) a strange noise outside. 6. You (to read) anything in English now? - Yes, I (to read) a play by Oscar Wilde. 7. I'll join them in their trip with pleasure if they (to invite) me. 8.1 (not to see) what you (to drive) at. 9, You (to enjoy) the trip? 10, Can I see Doctor Trench? - I'm sorry you can not; he (to have) his breakfast li. I (not to like) the girl; she continually (to bother) me with silly questions. 12. Please wait till he (to finish). 13. Nell (to have) a rest in the south, too, I (to guess). - Yes, you (to guess) right. 14. You often (to get) letters from her? - Not so very often.
2. Translate the sentences into English, using I hear and I am told where possible:
1. In spoken English I hearis often used instead of I have heard.
Examples: I hearyou wanted to see me.
He is going to write a new play, I hear.
I hear you have been asking for me?
2. I am toldand I was toldboth correspond to the Russian «мені сказали», I am told is used with reference to the present.
Example: I am toldshe is seriously ill. (= I hear she is seriously ill.)
1. Я чув, він пише нову книгу. 2. Мені сказали, що він займається перекладами з німецької. 3. Я чула, що він одужує. 4. Я чула, ви збираєтеся нас покинути. 5. Я чув, що вони повернулися з Англіі.'6. Мені сказали, що ви зробили вчора цікаву доповідь. 7. Він уже поїхав в Петербург, я чула. 8. Я чула, що він добре співає. 9. Я чую, він співає в сусідній кімнаті. 10. Нам сказали, що вони приїжджають післязавтра. 11. Я чула, ви отримали лист від свого друга Маріо. 12. Джейн прекрасно проводить час на узбережжі, я чула.
3. a) Comment on the Present Perfect and the Present Perfect Continuous:
1. I'm sorry I can not accept your invitation; we have already made our plans for the holiday. 2. Hello, Anne. Have not seen you since the end of the term. 3.1 think there is something in the stories that have been going around. 4. You have not yet said a word about your holiday, Mike. - I've been waiting for my chance to put a word in.
b) Use the Present Perfect or the Present Perfect Continuous instead of, the infinitives in brackets:
1. "How long you (to be) here?" she demanded angrily. 2. This pair of shoes is just what I (to look for) to match my new frock. 3.1 want you to remember that I never (to ask) you for anything before. 4. What's that noise? - Mary (to break) a tea-cup. 5.1 (to think) about it the last three days, it's such a bother to me. So it really is a relief to talk it over with you. 6. Listen to me, all of you! I (to come) with the most tremendous news. 7.1 see you (not to do) much. What you (to do} all the morning? 8. It's hard to believe that it (to be) only two years and a half since I met him. 9. We (not to see) Edward for a long time. He (to change) very much? - No, he is just the same. 10. Of course, we trust her. After all, Margaret and I (to know) Lucy all our lives. 11.1 (not to wear) this dress for two years. 12. My watch (to go) for three days and it (not to stop) yet 13. Jack (to go) to Bulgaria for a holiday, I hear. I myself never (to be) there.
c) Translate these sentences into Russian:
1. I've been wanting a word with you, Lewis. 2. She has not bought any new clothes since the beginning of the year. 3. He has written me only once since he went away; I've sent him four letters. 4. I'm going to suggest something to you. I've been talking it over with your mother. 5. Beryl has been telling me the most amazing things. Surely, she must be exaggerating. 6. I've asked him to lunch on Sunday. 7. That's what I've been trying to remember since I met him. 8. "It can not be true. It's a dream I've been having," she thought. 9. You know, I've missed you very much these last few weeks. 10. I'm afraid I do not understand you, Gerald. I have not changed my mind. Have you changed yours?
4. Use the Past Indefinite or the Present Perfect instead of the infinitives in brackets:
N o t e: Remember that the Present Perfect is always associated with the present, and the Past Indefinite refers the action to some past moment.
1. It is half past eight and you (not to do) your morning exercises yet. 2.1 (to get up) with a headache today and (to decide) to walk to my office instead of taking a bus. Now I am feeling much better. 3. You (to meet) any interesting people at the holiday camp? 4. She (not to have) a holiday for two years. 5. You (to enjoy) Mary's singing? 6. Where you (to buy) these lovely gloves? 7. Where she (to go)? Maybe she is in the lab? - No, I just (to be) there. It's locked. 8. Why you (to shut) your book? Please open it again on page ten. 9.1 am sorry. What you (to say), Mr. Hartley? 10. His face seems familiar to me. When and where I (to see) him? 11.1 hear you just (to get) married. When the ceremony (to take place)? 12. Old George (not to be) here for years! 13. You (to read) "The Man of Property"? - I (to begin) the book last week and just (to finish) it. 14. A few months ago they (to pull) down some old houses in our street and (to begin) to build a new block of flats. 15. Do you remember my name, or you (to forget) it? 16. When I (to call) on him I (to find) that he (to be) out. 17. His first question to the girl (to be): "Where you (to see) the man?" 18. What (to be) her answer to your question? 19. Where you (to put) my umbrella? I need it. 20. He (to sit) there quietly for a while and then (to leave) unnoticed.
5. a) Comment on the Past Indefinite, the Past Continuous, the Past Perfect and the Past Perfect Continuous:
1. He was tired - he was so very tired. It seemed to him that he had been tired for a very long time. 2. Grant went to the drawing-room, where Alison was sitting with a book. 3. She listened, but could not follow what was being said. 4. When it was time to go I asked if I could see the rooms I had lived in for five years. 5. Nobody knew he was going to London on Sunday. 6. All the stories in this book were written before the first World War.
b) Use the required past tense instead of the infinitives in brackets:
1. It (to be) the poorest room Hilary ever (to see). 2. No sooner she (to arrive) at the station than a fast London train (to come in). 3. It (to be decided) to say nothing to Sidney until the answer (to be received). 4. Arthur (to go) up to his room. Nothing in it (to be changed) since his arrest. 5. No wonder he (to be) very tired. He (to work) too hard for the last three months, 6. I (to tremble) tike a leaf. 7. Mr. Dennant, accustomed to laugh at other people, (to suspect) that he (to be laughed) at. 8. She (to say) it in a voice he never (to hear) before. 9.1 (to look) into the kitchen. Mary-Ann (to put) the supper on a tray to take it into the dining-room. 10.1 (to be) fifteen and just (to come) back from school for the summer holiday. 11. It (to rain) heavily since the morning and she (not to allow) the children to go out. 12. Soon I (to get) a letter from her to the effect that she (to return) from the South of France; she (to want) me to meet her. 13. Trafalgar Square (to be laid) about a hundred years ago. 14.1 (to finish) my work for the day and (to rest) quietly in my arm-chair, flunking of the days that (to go) by. 15. George, who (to laugh) loudly, suddenly (to break off). 16. When Bambys mother (to stand) up her head (to be hidden) among the branches. 17. She (to read) the book ever since she (to come) from school and could not tear herself away from it. 18. She (to know) Jim for more than ten years, ever since her husband, who (to teach) at that time in a Grammar school in London, first had made his acquaintance through the Labour Party. 19. He (to say) he (to wait) for more than an hour. 20. I (to be) sure they (to talk) about me, because they (to break off) as soon as I (to enter). 21. He (to say) he (to get) two letters from Alice. 22. The rain that (to fall) since the morning (to cease) by the afternoon, but a strong wind still (to blow) and the sky (to be covered) with dark clouds.
6. Translate the sentences into English, paying attention to the use of tenses:
1. Я чув, що він недавно повернувся з Далекого Сходу. 2. Послухай, Том, я все хочу поговорити з тобою. 3. Ми не очікували, що він прийде, але він прийшов. 4. Він був хворий вже два дні, коли послали по лікаря. 5. Цікаво знати, що він про все це думає. 6. У тебе почервоніли очі. Ти плакала? 7. Історія, яку він вам зараз розповідав, - чистісінька вигадка. 8. Він важко дихав і не міг вимовити ні слова. 9. Я ніколи його не зустрічала і не знаю, як він виглядає. 10. Вона відклала в сторону книгу, яку читала, і підійшла до вікна. 11. А тепер мені треба вкладатися, ми їдемо рано вранці. 12. Навіщо ти відкрила вікно? На вулиці дуже шумно. 13. Ви знайшли журнал, який втратили вчора? - Так. - А де ви його знайшли? - На письмовому столі батька. Він взяв його почитати перед сном. 14. З хвилину вона дивилася на батька, потім повернулася і вийшла з кімнати. 15. Вона завжди задає питання. 16. У тебе такий засмучений вигляд. Про що вони з тобою говорили?
7. a) Comment on the use of the future tenses (the Future Indefinite, the Future Continuous and the Future Perfect):
1. Do not come so early. Jim will still be sleeping, I'm sure. 2. By the 1st of January he will have worked at the laboratory for six years. 3. Do not tell your aunt about it. She will be telling it to other aunts. 4. I'll try to get there as soon as I can. 5. Another ten years and you'll have forgotten all about it. 6. "I must be off," he said. "I'll be back for lunch."
b) Use the required future or present tense instead of tee infinitives in brackets where necessary:
1. How you've grown! Good gracious me, you (to get) a moustache soon! 2.1 hope you (not to forget) all this by tomorrow! 3. By next Sunday you (to stay) with us for five weeks. 4. If we (not to get) there before seven, they (to do) everything. 5.1 probably (to want) to see the book before he (to finish) it. 6. You must not eat any solid food until your temperature (to go down). 7.1 know you (to whisper) when Peg (to go). You always do. 8. When we (to get) back they (to have) supper. 9. Look! The leaves are yellow, they (to fall) soon. 10. While I (to live), I always (to remember) his face. 11.1 do not think he (to wire) before he (to arrive). 12. Nobody knows when it all (to be settled). 13. I'm not sure if he (to be) glad to see me. 14. She (to do) her home-work after supper. 15.1 suppose you (to work) very hard in the autumn.
8. Use the reguired tense instead of the infinitives in brackets:
"Shall I call again tomorrow?" (To ask) the doctor, before taking leave of the old man.
"Oh, no, we (to send) for you if she (not to be) so well," he (to reply). "She (to have) hardly any temperature today; her cough is easier; and the pain quite (to disappear). I can not think, though, how she (to catch) this germ. She hardly (to be) out of the house for the last three weeks, owing to the intense-ness of the cold, and nobody else (to have) influenza, or even a cold. "
"She (to be) certainly very subject to infection. She ever (to try) a course of injections to strengthen her system against these germs? Three injections at intervals of a week, at the beginning of the winter, will often work marvels. "
"It (to be) difficult to persuade her to take care of herself, doctor," (to sigh) the father, "but when she (to be) better I certainly (to suggest) it to her."
9. Replace the Infinitives in brackets by the required tense, paying attention to the sequence of tenses:
Many years ago I (to be thrown) by accident among a certain society of Englishmen, who, when they (to be) all together, never (to talk) about anything worth talking about. Their general conversations (to be) absolutely empty and dull, and I (to conclude), as young men so easily (to conclude), that those twenty or thirty gentlemen (to have) not half a dozen ideas among them. A little reflection (to remind) me, however, that my own talk (to be) no better than theirs, and consequently that there (may) be others in the company who also (to know) more and (to think) more than they (to express). I (to find) out by accident, after a while, that some Of these men (to have) more than common culture in various directions: one or two (to travel) far, and (to bring) home the results of much observation ; one or two (to read) largely, and with profit; more than one (to study) a science; five or six (to see) a great deal of the world. It (to be) a youthful mistake to conclude the men (to be) dull because their general conversation (to be) very dull. The general conversations of English society (to be) dull; it (to be) a national characteristic.
10. Change the following from direct into indirect speech:
Suddenly there came a knock to the door and Dorian heard Lord Henry's voice outside: "My dear boy, I must see you. Let me in at once. I can not bear your shutting yourself up like this."
Dorian made no answer at first, but then jumped up and unlocked the door.
"I am sorry for it all, Dorian," said Lord Henry, as he entered. "But you must not think too much of it. Tell me, did you see Sibyl Vane after the play was over?"
"Yes, and I was brutal to her, Harry - perfectly brutal. But it is all right now,"
"Ah, Dorian, I am so glad. I was afraid of finding you tearing that nice curly hair of yours."
"I have got through all that," said Dorian, shaking his hand and smiling. "I am perfectly happy now. I want to be good; I can not bear the idea of ??my soul being so bad and ugly. I shall begin by marrying Sibyl Vane." (After Oscar Wilde)
11. Use the required teases instead of the infinitives in brackets:
I (to notice) that when someone (to ask) for you on the telephone and, finding you out, (to leave) a message begging you to call him up the moment you come in, the matter (to be) more important to him than to you. When it (to come) to making you a present or doing you a favour most people (to be) able to hold their impatience. So when I (to be) told by Miss Fellows, my landlady, that Mr. Alroy Kear (to wish) me to ring him up at once, I (to feel) that I (can) safely ignore his request.
I (not to see) Roy for three months and then only for a few minutes at a party. "London (to be) awful," he (to say). "One never (to have) time to see any of the people one (to want) to. Let's lunch together one day, shall we?"
As I (to smoke) a pipe before going to bed I (to turn) over in my mind the possible reasons for which Roy (may) want me to lunch with him. (After S. Maugham)
12. Think of a suitable context to use the following sentences:
1. It's been a wonderful evening for me.
2. We are starting at dawn.
3. I've been looking for you everywhere. Why are you always hiding from me?
4. My dear Jonny! How long you've been coming home!
5. Splendid to think we'll be getting into the country this weekend!
6. I was sure I had seen her. But where? Where had I seen the girl?
13. Translate these sentences Into English:
1. Він, здається, не знає твого нового адреси? - Ні, знає. Він заходив ко мне. 2. Вони не від'їхали і тридцяти кілометрів, як погода змінилася. 3. Він викладач англійської мови. Він викладає з тих пір, як закінчив університет. 4. Де ви були весь цей час? - Вибачте, я не знала, що ви мене чекаєте. 5. Вона довго сиділа в саду і не знала, що відбувається в будинку. 6. Ключ шукали з самого ранку, але ніде не могли знайти. 7. Я б хотіла знати, куди вони поклали мої книги. 8. Ви давно знаєте один одного? 9. Зараз вона живе у тітки. 10. Кілька днів Дік був задумливий, і нам було ясно, що він обмірковує якийсь план. П. Наступного року виповниться 10 років, як він живе в Росії. 12. Вона сказала, що пошле телеграму, якщо не отримає ніяких звісток з дому. 13. Я чула, що вона захворіла і знаходиться в лікарні. В яку лікарню її відвезли? 14. Ця жінка похилого віку з добрим обличчям і сивим волоссям - головний лікар лікарні. Я багато про неї чула, про неї говорять. 15. Як шкода, що доктор пішов Я не питала його, коли приймати пігулки. 16. Ось побачите, через хвилину вона буде розповідати вам про свої хвороби, відвідини лікаря і так далі.
14. Use the required tenses instead of the infinitives in brackets:
The landlady (to bring) the tea. I (not to want) anything, but Ted (to make) me eat some ham. Then I (to sit) at the window. I (not to look) round when the landlady (to come up) to clear away, I (not to want) anyone to speak to me. Ted (to read) a book; at least he (to pretend) to, but he (not to turn) the page, and I (to see) the tears dropping on it. I (to keep on) looking out of the window. It (to be) the end of June, and the days (to be) long. I (to look) at the people going in and out of the public-house and the trams going up and down. I (to think) the day never (to come) to an end; then all of a sudden I (to notice) that it (to be) night. All the lamps (to be lit).
"Why you (not to light) the gas?" I (to say) to Ted. "It's no good sitting in the dark."
He (to light) the gas. I do not know what (to come) over me. I (to feel) that if I (to go on) sitting in that room I (to go) mad. I (to want) to go somewhere where there (to be) lights and people.
15. Comment on the use of tenses in the following sentences and translate them into Russian:
1. She looked at me wonderingly as if asking, "What has been happening to me?" 2. Her soft voice made him tremble. "I feel you've been here for years," she said '. 3. And now, Daddy, I think I'd better go back, in case Mummy's wondering where I am. 4. Then she woke up and said, "Have I been asleep?" 5.1 hope I have not disturbed you. You were not asleep, were you? 6. "You've grown!" said Randall. It was true. She had changed. 7. Goodness gracious! What's that? It's the clock striking! So late, and I have been keeping you awake. Good night, Ellen. 8. "Steve loved birds," said Miranda. "He always used to feed them. He would ring a bell every morning and the birds would come." 9. The wind had dropped a little and from somewhere behind the house a cuckoo was calling. 10. You speak to me, as you always do, with the voice of reality. And what you've been saying is quite right. 11. Emma removed her glasses and set her knitting aside. She caressed her closed eyes for a moment with long fingers. 12. She said, rousing herself, "Sorry, Lucy, what did you say?" 13. When Francis and Foy left, Katherine asked Lewis what they had been telling him about young Luke. 14. Do you know when the results will be out? 15. He looked at his watch. It was time to go in now. Mildred would be waiting for him,
16. Use the required tenses instead of the infinitives in brackets and translate the sentences into Russian:
I. Let's have dinner up here. If we (to go) down to the restaurant we (to be interrupted), and the music (to be) so loud there. We (not to be) able to hear each other speak. 2. You really never (to be) to a ball before, Leila? 3. My wife (to be) in Europe for the last ten months on a visit to our eldest girl, who (to be married) last year. 4. Hello, John! You (to wait) long? 5. She (to tell) him that she (to ring) him, but she (not to do) so. 6. He (to look) up with surprise, "India? You (to go) to India?" 7.1 never (to know) anyone I (to like) as much as I (to like) you. I never (to feel) so happy with anyone. But I (to be) sure it (not to be) what people and what books (to mean) when they (to talk) about love. 8. It was now over a year. He (not to hear) from her since she (to leave), except for a postcard. 9. The green door (to open) and (to shut) again and all (to be) silence. He (to wait) a minute or two. What they (to say) to each other now? 10. She (to be) disappointed if you (not to come). Randall (to hesitate). "No," he (to say). "I (not to come) in. You can go alone." 11. Good heavens, my old doll! You (to find) it in Ann's room? I (to forget) all about it by now. 12. My mother (to come) to stay with us next weekend. 13. The garden (to look) quite different now when the leaves (to fall). 14.1 (to be) sure you (to finish) your work by six o'clock. 15. She (to say) she (to do) the washing tomorrow. 16. Jago told Eliot that Nightingale and he just (to discuss) the future of the college.
17. Use the required tenses instead of the infinitives in brackets and comment on their use:
1.1 only want to ask when the decision (to take); we'd like to know the date, that's all 2. "Hallo, you two," he (to cry) gaily. "Where you (to hide)?" 3. I'm afraid I must be off now. My parents (to come) to see me unexpectedly. Thank you, Mrs, Welch. I (to enjoy) myself very much. Good-bye. 4. Margaret Peel (to tell) me that Bertrand (to come) down at the weekend. 5. He was alarmed by the thought that he (to have) to talk to the girl all the way back. 6. In the dining-saloon he (to notice) that the dark man who (to sit) alone (to be) now at a table with Mrs. Cockson and Mrs. Benson. 7. Mr. Pinfold (not to sleep) for very long. He (to awake) as usual very early. 8.1 do not see what you (to drive) at. 9. I know very little of him, though we (to live) so near all these years. 10.1 (to want) us to have a little talk for quite some time, old boy. Ever since that summer Ball, in fact. 11. As they (to stroll) up College Road, Beesley began talking about the examination results in his Department 12.1 want to send a telegram. I (not to feel) very well. I (to wonder) if you (can) write it for me? 13. Dixon was a bit disappointed, he (to feel) none of the pleasurable excitement he (to expect). 14. We (to come) for you when we (to want) you. Better lock the door. 15.1 (to have) my eye on him ever since we (to start). You (to notice) anything odd about him? 16. He was not a cruel man by nature, and (to be) secretly a little ashamed of the part he (to play) during the last month.
I8. Pay attention to the use of the Continuous tenses. Translate the sentences into Russian:
1. "How are you?" she asked. "All right, thanks; I have been working. " 2. I've been talking to the Principal about the College Open Week at the end of the term. 3. "We are all waiting, Ned, "Mrs. Welch said from the piano. 4. I've written to Uncle asking him to let me know when he's coming back. 5. Well, I'm sure you appreciate, Professor, that I've been worrying about my position here in the last few months. 6. I hope very much you'Ll be coming on Saturday. - I hope so too. Good-bye. 7. He was looking for his cigarettes when John came in at the door. Had he been listening! 8. Oh, by the way, Carol, I've been meaning to tell you that Christine's coming to the dance after all, and she's bringing her uncle with her. 9. I've been feeling very depressed recently. 10. "How are you feeling, Steve? "His wife asked him," not so tired, I hope? "11. At the end of dinner Mrs. Scarfield asked:" Are you joining us for a rubber? "and he replied:" Not this evening, I'm afraid. "12." I'm awfully sorry, "said Glover." I simply do not know what you're talking about. 13. Why, that's exactly what I've been saying, in different words. 14. Dixon, who had been showing a disposition to tremble, found his spirits kicking upwards at the sight of a tray with cups, a flask, and biscuits. 15. Oh, Mr. Dixon, I've been wondering when I shall see you again. I have one or two points I want to take up with you. 16. That evening before dinner he joined the Scarfields. "In a couple of days it will be getting hot, "said Mrs. Scarfield. 17. Now then, Doris, we've only been speaking to you for your own good.
May Day | EXERCISES I. | Listen to a fellow-student reading the replies. Tell him (her) what his (her) errors in pronunciation are. | Listen to a fellow-student reading the replies. Tell him (her) what his (her) errors in pronunciation are. | Listen to the Verbal Context and reply in the intervals. | D) Make up a talk with a fellow-student, using phrases from the dialogue above. | This exercise is meant to test your ability to introduce some teaching material in class with correct intonation. | SECTION TWO | SECTION FOUR | Ex. 13. Commerce and Industry |