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Fill in the text with the phrases from the box. Explain what syntactic features influenced your choice.

  1. A. Read the text and explain the use of tenses in the last paragraph of the text.
  2. B) Explain the difference between the synonyms within each pair. (See Notes on p. 18.) When in doubt, consult dictionaries.
  3. B) Explain who were the freemen or honorable citizens of the city.
  4. B) Retell the text above using the phrases in italic type.
  5. B) Write sentences of your own using the phrases in bold type. Address them to the other students who should reply them expressing their approval or disapproval.
  6. B. Choose the right variant and explain your choice
  7. B. Choose the right variant and explain your choice.

(a) a method of instant cross-referencing

(b) accessible to hundreds of millions of people worldwide

(c) also make use of the TCP/IP protocol

(d) because messages could be routed or rerouted in more than one direction

(e) depending on the browser you use

(f) if they have permission

(g) more recently

(h) often this text is also underlined

(i) that is relevant to this word or phrase

(j) the most popular of which

(k) to create a network

(l) what distinguishes the Internet

The Internet, sometimes called simply "the Net," is a worldwide system of computer networks - a network of networks in which users at any computer can, (1) b, get information from any other computer (and sometimes talk directly to users at other computers). It was conceived by the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) of the U.S. government in 1969 and was first known as the ARPANET. The original aim was (2) k that would allow users of a research computer at one university to be able to "talk to" research computers at other universities. A side benefit of ARPANet's design was that, (3) f , the network could continue to function even if parts of it were destroyed in the event of a military attack or other disaster.

Today, the Internet is a public, cooperative, and self-sustaining facility (4) ... . Physically, the Internet uses a portion of the total resources of the currently existing public telecommunication networks. Technically, (5) l is its use of a set of protocols called TCP/IP (for Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol). Two recent adaptations of Internet technology, the intranet and the extranet, (6) c .

For many Internet users, electronic mail (e-mail) has practically replaced the Postal Service for short written transactions. Electronic mail is the most widely used application on the Net. You can also carry on live "conversations" with other computer users, using Internet Relay Chat (IRC). (7) g, Internet telephony hardware and software allows real-time voice conversations.

The most widely used part of the Internet is the World Wide Web (often abbreviated "WWW" or called "the Web"). Its outstanding feature is hypertext, (8) d . In most Web sites, certain words or phrases appear in text of a different color than the rest; (9) h . When you select one of these words or phrases, you will be transferred to the site or page (10) i . Sometimes there are buttons, images, or portions of images that are "clickable." If you move the pointer over a spot on a Web site and the pointer changes into a hand, this indicates that you can click and be transferred to another site.

Using the Web, you have access to millions of pages of information. Web browsing is done with a Web browser, (11) j are Microsoft Internet Explorer and Netscape Navigator. The appearance of a particular Web site may vary slightly (12) e . Also, later versions of a particular browser are able to render more "bells and whistles" such as animation, virtual reality, sound, and music files, than earlier versions.

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THE INTERNET | OVERVIEW | Choose the correct answer. | There are twelve unnecessary words in the text. Find and cross them out. | Choose the right preposition. | Nanotechnology Speeds Up Internet 100 Times | Using Internet to Reduce Electricity Bills | Fill in the gaps with the words from the box. | Hyper world. Read the following paragraphs and answer the questions | Read the text about computer languages and find answers to the following questions. |

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